Library@Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom

Where Minds meet and Ideas pop up !

Cyber Quiz



1. Which planet and which earth-feature has the recently unveiled Google Earth 5.0 covered?

2. Name the two Silicon Valley leaders (a legendary VC and a President of a software major) who have been inducted into Obama’s Economic Advisory Board.

3. Google’s new software that lets mobile phone users share their location with close contacts is called…?

4. One more on Google! What snafu did the search engine do on January 31 between 6:30 and 7:25 a.m. PST?

5. Which cyber legend opened a jar of mosquitoes on stage at the elite Technology, Entertainment, Design conference recently to draw attention to the plight of malaria victims?

6. Which visionary initiator of cheap computers said recently about the low-cost netbooks: “they didn’t copy the right things from us, but they exist. We had to build the first laptop because no one else would do it?”

7. What is ‘Larrabee’?

8. Name the Juventus superstar and Italian WC winner who is pulling up Facebook for profile which purports to be his and carries links to Nazi propaganda sites.

9. Whose tagline on its Web site reads ‘Innovations that move the world forward’?

10. Reed Hastings is the CEO of…?



1. Mars and the oceans.

2. John Doerr of Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers and Charles Phillips, president of Oracle.

3. Latitude

4. It listed every site on the Internet as malware with the message ‘This site may harm your computer.’

5. Bill Gates.

6. Nicolas Negroponte.

7. Intel’s many-core x86 Intel architecture which is being touted as an industry first.

8. Alessandro Del Piero.

9. Intel

10. Netflix


Courtesy: V V Ramanan, Business line

Filed under: YW-Cyber Quiz

Ask The CBSE

I would like to know about HOTS questions in bio and social science. How should we answer these questions?

Sudha Raman

In Social Science question paper, 20 per cent questions (16 marks) are likely to be of higher order thinking ability (HOT) questions in the form of source-based questions from source boxes given in the NCERT textbook in History, Class X. They may also involve interpretation of any illustration, picture or statistical information given in the other textbooks of Social Science. The sample question papers for Science and Social Science include HOT questions and these can be downloaded from the CBSE web site The answers to such questions should be given in the sequence of content or parts of the question.

Is Class IX MCQ portion on boiling point included for Class X board exam? Which one is better for scoring good marks? a) Reading the textbook or b) Help through sample papers given by CBSE or any other reference book suggested by you.


If the experiment on boiling point is included in Class IX practical syllabus for 2008 examination, then it will be included for Class X MCQ in 2009 board examination. You need to do both, that is, read the textbook as well as solve sample question papers published by CBSE and read other reference books for scoring good marks.

I would like to know how we need to attempt the English paper. I feel difficulty in completing my exam on time. I’m not able to revise my paper because of time shortage. I take most of my time in doing Section A . So, I start my paper from Section C, D and B and finally go to Section A; even then I am not able to complete my exam on time. Please provide me some tips.

Sudha Raman

Performance in any examination depends on time management. If you have revised your lessons well and practised exercises on the writing and reading skills, you should be able to complete the examination on time. You may attempt the section you can do best first, and others later. However, allocate the given time according to the marks allotted to each section.

For Class X, have ‘Electric motor’ and ‘Generator’ been deleted from the Science syllabus? If we are asked a picture-based question and asked to give a caption to it in both Science and Social Science exams, are we supposed to give the caption the way it has been given in the text?

Shashank, Bangalore

‘Electric motor’ and ‘Generator’ are not included in Class X Science syllabus.

Caption to a picture in the question must indicate what is shown in that picture. The caption may not necessarily be the same as what is given in the textbook.

I am in Class X. For Social Science, should we write only four or five points to 4-mark questions or should we describe each point? Will any mark be reduced for exceeding the word limit in English and Social Science?

Sreekanth N.

In most questions, the number of points to be answered is specified in the question. Otherwise the number of points can also be identified from the break-up of marks given in the question. Usually, half mark is assigned for listing or naming each point. Description of each point may carry one or two marks depending on the nature of the question. There is no need to unnecessarily explain the concepts if the question asks you to list, enumerate, mention, define and so on.

Marks will not be deducted for exceeding word limit in English and Social Science. But it is advisable to adhere to the word limit prescribed in the question paper in order to complete the paper within the given time.

Will questions in Social Science be asked from sources without giving the extract? There is a wide difference between “source” and “box.” Will questions be asked from “boxes” too?


For Class X Social Science there will be one question compulsorily from source-based boxes given in the prescribed NCERT textbook in History. Though there may not be any direct question on the name of the source, however, it is advisable to learn the name of the source or extract also for enhancing the quality of your answer. The material given in other boxes of the Social Science textbooks is for your enrichment and additional information. There will not be any direct question on them.

In Class X Social Science, there are some portions under the lesson ‘Minerals and energy resources’ on the following subjects: Biogas plant, Wind mills, Solar energy. The same topics are also present in Physics under Chapter 14 — Sources of energy, with different content. Please clarify whether we can write the contents of one subject for the other subject according to the questions asked.

S. Ajayvishnu

The answer to such questions should be given according to the content of the answer given in the prescribed NCERT textbook of that particular subject.

What are the deleted portions for Class X 2009 exam?

P. Ramesh

Please refer to the syllabus for Class X 2009 exam, which is also available on CBSE web site under Students Section.

Covalent bond does not dissolve in water. But why does HCL, which makes a covalent bond, get dissolved in water?

Akshaya Raj

HCL is a polar covalent bond and therefore it gets dissolved in water.

For Section A, Class X Maths question paper, is the student expected to write only the final answer or to show the detailed steps of working which carry one mark each as some of the teachers insist on writing the step s also? In the CBSE Class X Mathematics sample paper, under ‘general instructions’ it is mentioned that calculators are not allowed and students could ask for mathematical tables. But in March 2008 exam, there was no mention of use of mathematical tables, and some institutions refused to provide them, and in the same city, some others provided the same. Please clarify.

T.N. Ramesh

It is not required by the student to write detailed steps of solutions to one-mark questions included in Section A of Mathematics question paper. One may write only the final answer unless specifically asked for in the question. Mathematical tables are generally not needed for solving questions in Class X examinations; therefore, it is not mentioned in the ‘general instructions’. However, mathematical tables are provided at the centre, if required. The students are not allowed to carry their own mathematical tables.

Will there be questions based on the second chapter on wild life in Geography?

Ashwin Raj

The prescribed Social Science syllabus of Class X for March 2009 Examination does not include the topic on Forest Resources and Wildlife. Hence no question will be asked on this chapter in your examination.

My son is appearing for Class XII board exam. Please advise whether preparations with NCERT books are sufficient for questions under the HOTS category.


The board only recommends NCERT textbooks in different subjects at secondary and senior school level. The questions of Higher Order mental abilities or thinking skills require a student to apply the knowledge learnt to new situations for interpretation or analysis of given situations using his or her imagination. Answers to such questions are not given directly in any textbook.

I am a Class X student. a) In Social Studies, will map questions consist of only those places which are given in the sample papers and syllabus issued by CBSE? Will the questions from sources and boxes in History be direct or given along with the context in exam? b) What is the format for letters in Hindi-A? Does it matter writing address and date on top or below the body? c) In Introductory Information Technology, what is the word limit for answers? Do we have to stick to the word limit in English-A, Section-D?

Siddharth Chaturvedi

a) Map-based questions in Social Science Question paper will be strictly from the list of map items given on Page Nos. 340 – 343 of the CBSE Sample Question Paper in Social Science, Class X, March 2009 examination. Most of the answers to a source-based question in Social Science may be based on the given passage.

However, sometimes you may be asked to relate the source material with the content of the chapter. So try to understand the text as well as the source material.

b) Please refer to the Sample Question Papers in Hindi Course A available at board’s web site .

c) Word limit is only an indication of the length of the expected answer and also of the time to be spent on writing the answer. Examiners are asked not to deduct any marks for answers that exceed the word limit. In Introductory Information Technology the word limit for answers will be given in the question.

I am now in Class X CBSE scoring above 90 per cent. After the final exams, several of my friends are thinking of switching over to the State board syllabus with a view to scoring enough marks to secure a seat in a good professional college in Tamil Nadu. I seek your advice whether to continue in CBSE or switch over to State board for Class XI. Is it advisable to select French as third language to score high marks or will Tamil do? Kausalya. Such decisions whether to switch over to State Education Board or to remain in CBSE will have to be solely taken by you depending on your priorities and eligibility criteria for admission to professional colleges.

You may choose any language according to the proficiency you have in that particular language. Otherwise, if you learn well, you can score good marks in any subject.

I am in Class X. I want to know whether Disaster Management in Social Science has not been included for the board examination. Which are the five chapters of History required to be studied for the board exam?


As per the board’s circular No. 15/08 dated 11-05-08, Unit 5 of Social Science syllabus on Disaster Management will be evaluated only through projects and assignment. No question will be asked from this unit in the theory paper of Social science.

In Social Science, Class X, History, students are required to study any five themes out of the eight given in the syllabus in the following manner:

Sub-Unit 1.1: Any one theme out of: Theme 1 – Nationalism in Europe; Theme 2 – National Movement in Indo-China; and Theme 3 – Nationalism in India is compulsory.

Sub-Unit 1.2: Any two themes out of: Theme 4 – Industrialisation; Theme 5 – Urbanisation and urban lives; and Theme 6 – Trade and Globalisation.

Sub-Unit 1.3: Any one theme out of: Theme 7 – Print culture and nationalism; and Theme 8 – History of Novel

Class X Mathematics textbook has a few exercises under the caption “optional, not from examination point of view.” Will there be any question from those exercises as it had happened in the previous exams?

Abhyudaya Adiga

In CBSE board examination, questions will be based on the syllabus for the subject prescribed by the CBSE for that particular examination year. Please do not limit yourself to any book or any particular question. Also refer to sample question papers for Mathematics given by CBSE on its web site

How many evaluators would there be for one candidate’s paper? How would the students be seated for the board examinations?

Akshara M.B.

Appointment of evaluators is strictly done as per provisions given in examination bye-laws of the Board. The seating arrangement of student is done as per guidelines specified by the CBSE for the Centre Superintendents.

What are the deleted portions for Hindi Course B and Social Science for Class X?

Bhaskar Maji

On page 344 of the Sample Question Papers in Social Science, Class X, March 2009 examination, point no.5 deals with deleted topics from the Social Science textbooks. Please also refer to the Social Science syllabus prescribed by the Board for 2009 Examination. For Hindi Course B, please refer to the Board’s circular No. 21/08 dated 22-05-2008 available at board’s web site .

I am in Class XII. I would like to know if questions for the Physics examination would be asked on ‘some natural phenomena due to sunlight’, ‘Doppler effect’ and ‘nuclear reactor’, as these are not given in the syllabus for 2009 exams.

Meenu James

Topics ‘some natural phenomena due to sunlight’ and ‘nuclear reactor’ are included in the Physics syllabus for Class XII, but ‘Doppler effect’ is not included in the Class XII syllabus.

Filed under: Ask the CBSE

Quiz Time



1. Fill in the missing names in this living political legend’s complete name: ___ Alejandro ____ Ruz.

2. Which Indian recently won a Grammy in the Contemporary World Music Album category for his collaborative album Global Drum Project?

3. Expand BAFTA.

4. Which role has Anthony Daniels reprised in the Star Wars series of films?

5. The summer residence of the Pope on the banks of Lake Albano is called…?

6. How is Mathangi Arulpragasam better known?

7. The famous Gouda cheese is named after a city in which country?

8. Which eminent businessman has authored ‘Imagining India: Ideas for the New Century’?

9. In which part of India would one be if the first 2 digits of the Pincode indicated 79?
10. The ‘Two Penny Blue’ was the world’s second…?

11. Which letter of the Greek alphabet resembles a triangle?

12. Which type of flower is also called a Lent Lily?

13. On which surface is the Monal Lisa painted?

14. According to Sherlock Holmes who is “occasionally the British Government”?

15. What would a Jew do with a kippah or yarmulke?



1. Fidel Castro;

2. Zakir Hussain;

3. British Academy of Film and Television Arts;

4. C3PO;

5. Castel Gandolfo;

6. M.I.A.;

7. Netherlands;

8. Nandan Nilekani;

9. North Eastern India;

10. Postage stamp;

11. Delta;

12. Daffodil;

13. Poplar panel;

14. His elder brother Mycroft;

15. Wear it. It’s a type of cap


Courtesy:V V Ramanan, The Hindu

Filed under: Young World Quiz

Kindness that counts

Why do people do good things? Is kindness hard-wired into the brain, or does this tendency arise via experience? Or is goodness some combination of nature and nurture?

Dacher Keltner, director of the Berkeley Social Interaction Laboratory, investigates these questions from multiple angles, and often generates results that are both surprising and challenging. In his new book,
Born to Be Good: The Science of a Meaningful Life, Keltner weaves together scientific findings with personal narrative to uncover the innate power of human emotion to connect people with each other, which he argues is the path to living the good life. Keltner was kind enough to take some time out to discuss altruism, Darwinism, neurobiology and practical applications of his findings with David DiSalvo.

Courtesy: Scientific American,February 26, 2009

DISALVO: You have a book that was just released called Born to Be Good: The Science of a Meaningful Life. What in a nutshell does the term “born to be good” mean to you, and what are you hoping people learn from reading the book?
KELTNER: “Born to be good” for me means that our mammalian and hominid
evolution have crafted a species—us—with remarkable tendencies toward kindness, play, generosity, reverence and self-sacrifice, which are vital to the classic tasks of evolution—survival, gene replication and smooth functioning groups. These tendencies are felt in the wonderful realm of emotion—emotions such as compassion, gratitude, awe, embarrassment and mirth. These emotions were of interest to Darwin, and Darwin-inspired studies have revealed that our capacity for caring, for play, for reverence and modesty are built into our brains, bodies, genes and social practices. My hopes for potential readers are numerous. I hope they learn about the remarkable wisdom of Darwin and the wonders of the study of emotion. I hope they come to look at human nature in a new light, one that is more hopeful and sanguine. I hope they may see the profoundly cooperative nature of much of our daily social living.
DISALVO: You’ve said that one of the inspirations for your work was Charles Darwin’s insights into human goodness. Because most people equate his name with “survival of the fittest,” it’ll probably be surprising to many that Darwin focused on goodness at all. What were a few of your take aways from Darwin’s work that really inspired you? 
KELTNER: What an important question. We so often assume both in the scientific community, and in our culture at large, that Darwin thought humans were violent and competitive and self-interested in their natural state. That is a misrepresentation of what Darwin actually believed, and where the evolutionary study of human goodness is going.    
My take aways from Darwin are twofold, and as you suggest above, I was surprised as well in arriving at an understanding of Darwin’s view of human nature. The first take away is found in Descent of Man, where Darwin argues that we are a profoundly social and caring species. This idea is reflected in the two quotes below, where Darwin argues that our tendencies toward sympathy are instinctual and evolved (and not some cultural construct as so many have assumed), and even stronger (or perhaps more ethical—see his observation about the “timid man” below) than the instinct for self-preservation:
“For firstly, the social instincts lead an animal to take pleasure in the society of his fellows, to feel a certain amount of sympathy with them, and to perform various services for them.  … Such actions as the above appear to be the simple result of the greater strength of the social or maternal instincts than that of any other instinct or motive; for they are performed too instantaneously for reflection, or for pleasure or even misery might be felt.  In a timid man, on the other hand, the instinct of self-preservation might be so strong, that he would be unable to force himself to run any such risk, perhaps not even for his own child.”

The second take away comes from close study of Darwin’s Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals, published one year after Descent of Man. There, Darwin details descriptions of emotions such as reverence, love, tenderness, laughter, embarrassment and the conceptual tools to document the evolutionary origins of these emotions. That led me to my own work on the physiology and display of these remarkable emotions, and to the science-based conclusion that these emotions lie at the core of our capacities for virtue and cooperation.
DISALVO: You recently wrote an article with the provocative title “
In Defense of Teasing.” Because we’re ostensibly a society set against teasing in any form (school, workplace, and so on), what do you think teasing has to offer that we might be missing?
KELTNER: Teasing is the art of playful provocation, of using our playful voices and bodies to provoke others to avoid inappropriate behaviors. Marc Bekoff, a biologist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, has found in remarkable work with coyotes that they sort out leaders from aggressive types in their rough-and-tumble biting. The coyotes that bite too hard in such provocative play are relegated to low status positions. We likewise accomplish so much with the right kind of teasing.
Teasing (in the right way, which is what most people do) offers so much. It is a way to play and express affection. It is a way of negotiating conflicts at work and in the family. Teasing exchanges teach children how to use their voices in innumerable ways—such an important medium of communication. In teasing, children learn boundaries between harm and play. And children learn empathy in teasing, and how to appreciate others’ feelings (for example, in going too far). And in teasing we have fun. All of this benefit is accomplished in this remarkable modality of play.
DISALVO: Your team at U.C. Berkley has done a lot of interesting research on the vagus nerve and its association with altruistic feelings. Tell us a bit about this research and its implications for better understanding the nature of altruism.

KELTNER: The vagus nerve is part of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system.  It is a bundle of nerves that originates in the top of the spinal cord, it activates different organs throughout the body (heart, lungs, liver, digestive organs). When active, it is likely to produce that feeling of warm expansion in the chest, for example when we are moved by someone’s goodness or when we appreciate a beautiful piece of music. University of Illinois, Chicago, psychiatrist Steve Porges long ago argued that the vagus nerve is a care-taking organ in the body (of course, it serves many other functions as well). Several reasons justify this claim. The vagus nerve is thought to stimulate certain muscles in the vocal chamber, enabling communication. It reduces heart rate. Very new science suggests that it may be closely connected to oxytocin receptor networks. And it is unique to
Our research and that of other scientists suggests that the vagus nerve may be a physiological system that supports caretaking and altruism. We have found that activation of the vagus nerve is associated with feelings of compassion and the ethical intuition that humans from different social groups (even adversarial ones) share a common humanity.  People who have high vagus nerve activation in a resting state, we have found, are prone to feeling emotions that promote altruism—compassion, gratitude, love, happiness. Arizona State University psychologist Nancy Eisenberg has found that children with elevated vagal tone (high baseline vagus nerve activity) are more cooperative and likely to give. This area of study is the beginning of a fascinating new argument about altruism—that a branch of our nervous system evolved to support such behavior.
DISALVO: Oftentimes we learn about intriguing academic work being done on emotions, morality and related areas, but are left asking, “OK, but how do we do any of this? Is there anything we can make actual use of here?” Looking down the road, what do you want the impact of your work to be out in the world? 
KELTNER: I have always felt that our science is only as good as the truthful rendition of reality that it provides and the good that it brings to our species. In summarizing the new science of emotion in Born To Be Good, I was struck by how useful this science is. The ancient approaches to ethics and virtue—for example, found in Aristotle or Confucius—privileged things such as compassion, gratitude and reverence. A new science of virtue and morality is suggesting that our capacities for virtue and cooperation and our moral sense are old in evolutionary terms, and found in emotions that I write about in Born To Be Good
And a new science of happiness is finding that these emotions can be readily cultivated in familiar ways, bringing out the good in others and in oneself. Here are some recent empirical examples:
Meditating on a compassionate approach to others shifts resting brain activation to the left hemisphere, a region associated with happiness, and boosts immune functions.
Talking about areas of gratitude, in classrooms, at the dinner table or in the diary, boosts happiness and social well-being and health.
Experiences of reverence in nature or around morally inspiring others improves people’s sense of connection to others and sense of purpose.
Laughing and playing in the face of trauma gives the person perspective upon life’s inevitable difficulties, and improves resilience and adjustment.
Devoting resources to others, rather than indulging a materialist desire, brings about lasting well being.
This kind of science gives me many hopes for the future. At the broadest level, I hope that our culture shifts from a consumption-based, materialist culture to one that privileges the social joys (play, caring, touch, mirth) that are our older (in the evolutionary sense) sources of the good life. In more specific terms, I see this new science informing practices in almost every realm of life. Here again are some well-founded examples. Medical doctors are now receiving training in the tools of compassion—empathetic listening, warm touch—that almost certainly improve basic health outcomes. Teachers now regularly teach the tools of empathy and respect. Executives are learning the wisdom around the country of emotional intelligence—respect, building trust—that there is more to a company’s thriving than profit or the bottom line. In prisons and juvenile detention centers, meditation is being taught.
Are you a scientist? Have you recently read a peer-reviewed paper that you want to write about? Then contact Mind Matters editor Jonah Lehrer, the science writer behind the blog
The Frontal Cortex and the book Proust Was a Neuroscientist. His latest book is How We Decide.

David DiSalvo is the science, technology and culture writer behind the blog Neuronarrative.

Courtesy: Scientific American,February 26, 2009

Filed under: Article of the Week

Slumdog Millionaire



Vikas Swaroop


Despite heartrending descriptions of sexual abuse, racism, poverty, homeless and much, much, more in modern India, this is an utterly enjoyable picaresque adventure that is one of the best reads of the year. In the hands of another author, the brief life story Ram Mohammad Thomas would probably be told as a simple tearjerker tragedy and the reader would be left to shake their head sorrowfully at the plight of another poor third-world soul. However, Swarup has a gimmick framework up his sleeve, and it works like a charm. Granted, one has to be willing to go along with the premise that this entire structure is based on coincidence of colossal proportions — readers who aren’t willing to suspend disbelief will probably not last more than a few chapters.

We first meet the 18-year-old protagonist in jail, where he sits accused of defrauding the popular TV game show “Who Wants to Be A Billionaire?” (in rupees). Despite being abandoned at birth, uneducated, and left to fend for himself for most of his life, it seems Ram somehow managed to answer the show’s twelve questions correctly. To all outside observers, his social standing and lack of education appear to preclude this happening legitimately. However, just as the police are about to unleash some heavy manners on him, a mysterious lawyer intervenes and takes him away. The story then unfolds question by question, as Ram tells her via flashbacks to his life just how he managed to know each answer.

Ram’s life story unfolds as a series of episodes ranging from the horrific to the merely tragicomic, and in a sense, one can view him as emblematic of India’s lost children, and the book as caustic social commentary on contemporary India. Aside from being abandoned at birth, he must contend with a pedophile priest, a closeted homosexual movie star, a violent, drunken neighbor bent on incest, international espionage, child slavery, numerous thieves, a suicidal employer, and the deaths of several close friends. And yet, despite this bleak subject matter, the intrepid Ram keeps doggedly moving forward and surviving. This isn’t done in a sentimental, “triumph of the human sprit”, after-school special way, but in a straightforward manner that shows a confused young boy doing whatever it takes to live. And of course, the ultimate moral of the story is that those who keep their eyes and ears open in life can learn a lot about it without any books. An excellent story, well-told, and doubtless to be made into a film.

Reviewd by A. Ross, Washington DC, Courtesy:

Filed under: Book of the week

Ask the CBSE

I would like to get the lesson-wise answers for the English textbook questions (‘One Flamingo, Two Vistas’) of Class 12.

Zainab Izzuddin

Solved and readymade answers to the questions given at the end of the lessons of the English textbooks may not be available. The best way to prepare would be to read the lessons thoroughly and prepare the answers in your own words.

I am in Class 12. Is it enough to solve the NCERT Textbook of Mathematics for the March 2008 examinations? Is there any chance that questions may be from topics which are not given in the latest NCERT book but given in the last year’s addition to the NCERT book? For example, the questions based on the applications of vectors. In the new syllabus it mentions only the name of the topic, that is, dot and cross product of vectors. This means it also covers the topic from applications and geometrical applications. These topics were specially mentioned in the old book but not in the latest book. I am confused. Which is the best book for 10+2 Mathematics?

Vineet Setia

The latest NCERT textbooks cover all the topics in the syllabus and form the basis for the March 2008 Board examination in Mathematics. However, it is not essential that the questions will be exactly the same as given in the textbooks. Problems can be asked from any source provided they are within the scope of the prescribed syllabus. Hence, there is no restriction on reference material for accessing such problems. You may also consult the latest sample question paper in the subject published by the Board, which are available on the CBSE website

I would like you to suggest some ways to improve my English skills before I face my Board Examinations this year. Many friends lose marks in English, leading to a sharp fall in their aggregate.

S. Vidya Sagar

You are right. Some students do lose marks in the aggregate on account of their poor performance in English. As in other subjects, a student can improve his or her performance in English also by regular reading and written practice.

Since the time available at your disposal is short, we would advise you to read your textbooks thoroughly and have practice in the various writing tasks given in your main course book. Also go through the Sample Question Papers given at the end of the Workbook and practise on similar lines.

What should be the age of a student in Class 10 in CBSE Board Examination? What should be the age for Class 7 in CBSE schools?

Anuj Singhal

A student should satisfy the requirement of age limits (minimum and maximum) as determined by the State/UT Government and applicable to the place where the school is located. CBSE as such does not prescribe any age limit.

I am in Class 12 (Commerce stream). I would like to know whether the accountancy course includes guarantee of profit (fundamentals) and would marks be reduced for not writing narrations in various journal entries. Is high-powered money in the economics course? Should we follow the NCERT book for Economics, which contains many irrelevant topics, or would S.K.Aggarwal be better?

A. Mathur

1 (a) The Accountancy syllabus for examination year 2008 includes guarantee of profits under unit on Accounting for partnership firms.

(b) In the Marking Schemes prepared for Accountancy papers in the Boards examination, the general instructions to examiners include – “Upto 25 per cent marks are deducted for not drawing proper format of journal, ledger and not giving narrations for journal entries.” Thus it is very necessary that the formats of journal and ledger accounts are proper and narrations are given in the journal entries.

2. High powered money is not included in the Economics syllabus for examination year 2008. CBSE does not recommend any book except NCERT textbooks at secondary and senior secondary level. In Economics, the Board has also developed supplementary reading material in Economics for parts A and B which is available on its website. The material is available in both the versions — Hindi and English.

I am a student of Class 12 (Commerce stream) CBSE and want to know the exact course of Business Studies.

Naureen Fatima

The syllabus in Business Studies is included in the Senior Secondary Curriculum, Volume 1 published by the Board every year. The copies of the curriculum are available in the publication store of CBSE in its Regional Office at PS-1-2, Institutional Area, I.P. Extension, Patpar Ganj, Delhi-110 092. It can also be downloaded from the Board’s website.

I am studying in Class 12 (Science stream). There is no information about the Practical Examination or about the marking scheme of any subjects?

Menathanil Anil

The list of experiments, activities and related details about syllabus for Practical Examination are given in the Board’s publication namely Senior Secondary School Curriculum, Volume-I. The break-up of marks in the practical examination is also given in that document. Marking scheme in all Science subjects for the previous years examinations have been published by the Board as priced documents and are available from the Board’s Publication Store at PS-1-2, Institutional Area, I.P. Extension, Patpar Ganj, Delhi-110 092. It can also be downloaded from the Board’s website

How can I get new syllabus of computer sciences from Class 1 to Class 8 of CBSE, and from where can I download please. Muzaffar Aijaz

You may contact your school authorities for a copy of the syllabus in Computer Science prescribed by the school. The Board has not prescribed or developed any syllabus in Computer Science for Classes 1 to 8.

Please let us know the deleted portions for 2008 Economics Examination.

Navnit Mangla

Vide our Circular no.15 dated 12.03.2007, the following sub topics as mentioned against the respective units 8, 9 and 10 of the Economics syllabus of Class XII published in the Curriculum document 2008 (Vol I) are deleted for AISSCE 2008.

Unit 8 : Recent significant reforms and issues in the Indian Banking System – Privatisation and Modernisation.

Unit 9 : Downsizing the role of government : meaning and implications.

Unit 10 : A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues.

I passed Class 12 from a CBSE affiliated school in 2003. I was searching the NCERT website for the names of the English text books (English Core) we were taught in Class 12 in 2002. I don’t remember the names of the books.

Tuli Sarkar

The names of the English textbooks taught in 2002 were:

1. The People — published by the NCERT

2. The Web of Life — published by the NCERT

I am a student of Class 10. According to CBSE, material written in the bracket in the science book will not be asked in the examination. But there is a question in the exercise from the bracket (aqua regia) also. Will the paper be purely based on NCERT books or some questions will be from outside?

Rahul Sharma

The content matter given in the boxes with pink border in NCERT textbooks in non evaluative and the same is stated in the preface of the textbook. The textbook published by NCERT is the only book recommended by the Board for the public examination. You may also refer to Secondary School Curriculum -2008, Volume-I for knowing the exact syllabus. Further you may refer to the sample papers published by the Board available on the CBSE website. (

I am studying in Class 10 at DAV Public School, BSEB Colony, Patna. I have confusion regarding format for Letter writing, Notice writing, Message and Postcard. Could you please guide me or tell me the website links from where I can get the format.

Prateek Raj

Samples of Letter Writing, Notice Writing, Message and Postcard are given in your Main Course Book (MCB) and Work Book (WB) in which the format to be used is also provided. Further, you may refer to the two sample papers with Marking Scheme given in the workbook for your ready reference.

I am a student of Class 12 and I am supposed to take the 2008 examination. However, the school management says that I do not have the required attendance for appearing at the exam. I have only about 35 per cent attend ance as I had rerlapse of typhoid. I am very worried, how can I take the March test. Please tell me a way out.


As per the examination bye-laws of the CBSE, a student should have 75 per cent attendance to be eligible for appearing in the Board examination. In the case of students with 60 per cent attendance in Class 10 or 12 the shortage of attendance up to 15 per cent can be condoned by the Chairman, CBSE.

In cases where attendance is below 60 per cent, if the shortage is due to exceptional circumstances created on medical grounds due to prolonged illness, or any other serious reason like loss of father, mother, etc., the Principal of the school may submit a recommendation suitably substantiated by documentary evidence not later than three weeks before the commencement of the examination to the Regional Officer, CBSE of the concerned region for condonation by the Chairman, CBSE who may issue orders as he may deem proper.

The Economics syllabus of CBSE is different from the NCERT-prescribed syllabus for Class 12, 2007-2008. Which one should we follow?

Abhishek Jain

You are advised to follow the Board’s syllabus for examination purposes. CBSE does not recommend any book except NCERT textbooks at secondary and senior secondary level. In Economics the Board has also developed supplementary reading material for Parts A and B, whichis available in its website. It is available both in English and Hindi.

My son is going to appear for Class 10 CBSE exams in the academic year 2008-09. I heard that certain percentage of marks obtained by the student in Class 9 examination is also added to the Board examination marks.


Yes, Class 9 final scores in the subject of Mathematics and Social Science form a part of the weightage accorded to summative and formative test components of the internal assessment constituting 20 per cent of the Class 10 Board examination marks in these subjects.

I want to know if NCERT books are sufficient for Class 10 Board examinations. I want to be assured before the Board examinations.


For your Class X Board exams, first and foremost, you should thoroughly study the NCERT textbooks which will be the basis for the paper setter. However, questions on applications of concepts within the scope of the syllabus need not be restricted to the textbooks alone.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Ask the CBSE

Cyber Quiz





1. Fill in the blank: According to a new study from McAfee, cyber-crime has cost firms ______ globally in 2008.

2. How did Symbolics Inc become part of the Internet lore on March 15, 1985?

3. Patrick Pichette is the CFO of…?

4. Name the Indian behind the creation of RDF Site Summary, the first web syndication format to be called ‘RSS’.

5. In 1928 it was founded as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation. How is it known today?

6. What role did eminent sumo wrestlers ‘Akebono’ and ‘Konishiki’ play as regards the genesis of Yahoo!?

7. Name the three Indian cities where Amazon has software development centres?

8. Expand BASH as in the most popular shell on GNU/Linux systems.

9. If IBM gave us the 8″ diameter floppy, who was behind the 3-1/2″ diskettes?

10. Len Adleman, a professor of computer science at the University of Southern California, is credited with coining which ‘dreaded’ term amongst computer users?



1. $1 trillion!

2. On that date its domain name ( was created to become the first .com site.

3. Google

4. Ramanathan V. Guha.

5. Motorola

6. ‘Akebono’ was Jerry Yang’s workstation where Yahoo! first resided and the software was lodged on David Filo’s computer ‘Konishiki’.

7. Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad.

8. Bourne Again Shell.

9. Sony

10. ‘Virus’

Courtesy: V.V. Ramanan , Business Line

Filed under: YW-Cyber Quiz

Kerala Entrance Examination

Last date for the submission of Kerala Entrance Examination Application form is 26/02/2009.

Visit the site for that and more. A window to Kerala Entrance Exams


Filed under: Website of the week



The First phase of 3 day in service course for Librarians of Chennai Region-2008

to be held at KV Pattom

From 20th to 22nd February 2009

Fifteen Librarians from Chennai Region KVs participating

Click here for Detailed programme

Contact: 09447699724 (S.L.Faisal, Lib. KV Pattom, Shift-I)

               09446179259 (B .Surendran, Lib KV Pattom, Shift-II)

Filed under: Snippets

Quiz Time



1. According to the Bible, on which day did God create sea creatures and birds?

2. In cricketing terminology, what is a ‘bunsen’?

3. What does the Twitter acronym YMMV stand for?

4. In which Asian country is the share index known as the Hang Seng?

5. In which European country would one spend in Forints?

6. Of the four to meet this fate so far, two are Lincoln and McKinley. Name the other two and what fate?

7. In the popular ‘Teletubbies’ series, which real animals came in almost every episode?

8. Which colour gets its name from a dye discovered shortly after an 1859 battle between the Austrians and the French?

9. Which of the trinity of Carnatic music was born to Ramabrahmam and Seethamma?

10. Contrary to its name, how many legs does a common centipede normally have?

11. Both Carl Sagan and Isaac Asimov have referred to ‘Somnium’ by a celebrated astronomer as the first work of science fiction. Name the author.

12. What normal activity in the eye is caused by the muscle orbicularis oculi?

13. In Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, where does the first secret meeting of Dumbledore’s Army take place?

14. Which weapon fires a quarrel or a bolt?

15. For how many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?



1. Day 5
2. According to Wisden, ‘a pitch conducive to spin bowling’
3. Your Mileage May Vary
4. Hong Kong
5. Hungary
6. Garfield and Kennedy. The only four U.S. Presidents to be assassinated; 7. Rabbits
8. Magenta
9. Thyagaraja
10. 15 pairs
11. Johannes Kepler
12. Closing of the eye
13. The Hog’s Head
14. Crossbow
15. 27


Courtesy: V V Ramanan, The Hindu

Filed under: Young World Quiz


Reading4Pleasure School 2020

Reading 4 Pleasure School 2020 Award

Real time News on Kendriya Vidyalayas on the web

KV Pattom Karaoke

KVP Audio Library

Library YouTube Channel

Little Open Library (LOLib)

Tools for Every Teacher (TET)

Follow Us on Twitter



Face a Book Challenge

e-reading Hub @ Your Library

Learn anything freely with Khan Academy Library of Content

A free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere.

Interactive challenges, assessments, and videos, on any topic of your interest.

Child Line (1098)

CHILDLINE 1098 service is a 24 hour free emergency phone outreach service for children in need of care and protection.

CBSE Toll Free Tele/Online Helpline

Students can call 1800 11 8004 from any part of the country. The operators will answer general queries and also connect them to the counselors for psychological counseling. The helpline will be operational from 08 a.m to 10 p.m. On-line counseling on:

Population Stabilization in India Toll Free Helpline

Dial 1800-11-6555 for expert advice on reproductive, maternal and child health; adolescent and sexual health; and family planning.

Kendriya Vidyalaya (Shift-I)
Thiruvananthapuram-695 004
Kerala India

Mail: librarykvpattom at