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ONV Kurup And Akhlaq Khan Shahryar Selected For Jnanpith


Veteran Malayalam poet and film lyricist O N V Kurup has bagged the Jnanpith award for 2007. He is the fifth Jnanpith laureate from Kerala and the second poet from the state to win the prestigious award. During his seven-decade-long career, the winner of the country’s highest literary honour bagged several state and national awards, including the Padmashree in 1998.

Kurup, 79, began his illustrious poetic career during his school days. His first work, Poruthunna Soundaryam, was published in 1949. He became a college lecturer in 1957 and continued as an academician for the next 30 years. He started writing lyrics for films in 1955 and over the years has bagged state awards for the best lyricist 12 times.

Reacting to his winning the Jnanpith, Kurup said, “I am writing for better days for humankind. I am still drawing inspiration for writing from the life of my coastal village. The award is recognition of the Malayalam language.”


Ottaplakkal Neelakandan Velu Kurup,popularly known as O.N.V. Kurup, is a Malayalam poet and lyricist from Kerala, India, who won Jnanpith Award,the highest literary award in India for the year 2007. He is acknowledged by the people of Kerala as one of the greatest living poets in India. O. N. V. Kurup is also a lyricist in Malayalam cinema. He received the Padmashri Award from the Government of India in 1998. In 2007 he was bestowed an Honorary Doctorate by University of Kerala, Trivandrum. He is also called O.N.V., without the surname. O. N. V. is known for his leftist leaning.He was the Left Democratic Front (LDF) candidate in the Thiruvananthapuram constituency for the Lok-Sabha elections in 1989.


O.N.V. Kurup was born to O. N. Krishna Kurup and K. Lakshmikutty Amma, on May 27, 1931 at Chavara, Kollam in Kerala.He lost his father when he was eight. His childhood days were spent in the village where he attended the public ‘Government School, Chavara’. After graduating with a bachelor’s degree in Economics from SN College, Kollam, he moved to Thiruvananthapuram city (Trivandrum) where he joined Travancore University (now Kerala University) and pursued Master of Arts (postgraduate) in Malayalam literature.

O.N.V. was a lecturer at Maharajas CollegeErnakulam, University College – Trivandrum, Arts and Science College – Kozhikode, and Brennen CollegeThalassery. He joined Government Women’s College – Trivandrum as the Head of Malayalam Department. He was also a visiting professor at Calicut University. He retired from service in 1986.

ONV received the Jnanpith Award, India’s highest literary honour, for the year 2007.He is the fifth Jnanpith laureate from Kerala and the second Malayalam poet to win the prestigious award.According to a statement by Bharatiya Jnanpith, the trust which presents the award, Kurup began his career as a "progressive writer and matured into a humanist though he never gave up his commitment to socialist ideology".

He is now settled in Vazhuthacaud in Thiruvanathapuram, with his wife Sarojini, son Rajeev, and daughter Mayadevi.


O. N. V.’s first published poem was ‘Munnottu’ (Forward) which appeared in a local weekly in 1946. His first poetry collection named Porutunna Soundaryam, came out in 1949. He published a book named Dahikunna Panapatram (The Thirsty Chalice) which was a collection of his early poems during 1946-1956.

Poetic works


List of Poetry by O. N. V.

# Name Translation in English Year of Publishing
1 Daahikunna Paanapaathram The Thirsty Chalice 1956
2 Marubhumi The Desert  
3 Neelakkannukal Blue Eyes  
4 Mayilpeeli Peacock Feather 1964
5 Oru Thulli Velicham A Drop of Light  
6 Agni Shalabhangal Fire Moths 1971
7 Aksharam Alphabet 1974
8 Karutha Pakshiyude Paattu Song of a Black Bird 1977
9 Uppu The Salt 1980
10 Bhumikku Oru Charama Geetham A Dirge for the Earth 1984
11 Shaarngka Pakshikal   1987
12 Mrigaya Hunting 1990
13 Thonnyaksharangal Nonsense Alphabets 1989
14 Aparahnam Afternoon 1991
15 Ujjayini Ujjain 1994
16 Veruthe Gratis (For Nothing)  
17 Swayamvaram Swayamvara 1995
18 Bhairavante Thudi Drum of Bhairavan  
19 Oyenviyude Ganangal * Songs of O.N.V.  
20 Valappottukal ** Pieces of Bangle  
*Collection of 1500 songs. **Poems for children

Prose list

List of Prose by O. N. V.

# Name Translation in English Year of Publishing
1 Kavitayile Samantara Rekhakal Parallel Lines in Poetry  
2 Kavitayile Pratisandhikal Crisis in Poetry  
3 Ezhuthachan – Oru Padanam Ezhuthachan – A Study  
4 Patheyam Food carried  
5 Kalpanikam Imaginative  
6 Pushkin – Swatantrya Bodhatinte Durantagatha    

As a lyricist

In addition to the valuable contributions he had given to the Malayalam literature, he is one of the leading lyricists in Malayalam film/play/album industry. He was the part of many plays by Kerala People’s Arts Club (KPAC) which has a major remark in the revolutionary movements of Kerala. Kalam Marunnu (1956) was his first film which was also the first film by the famous Malayalam composer G. Devarajan. Since then he has been active in film till date and was honoured with one national award and thirteen state awards (the most by a Malayalee). He has penned for about 900 songs in about 232 films and a numerous songs for plays and albums. His partnerships with Salil Chowdhury and M. B. Sreenivasan was so popular in Malayalam film industry. He has made many hit songs with popular music directors, including G. Devarajan, V. Dakshinamoorthy, M. S. Baburaj, Raveendran, M. K. Arjunan, K. Raghavan, Shyam, Johnson, M. G. Radhakrishnan, S. P. Venkatesh, Ouseppachan, and Vidhyadharan.


Awards from State / Central Governments

O. N. V. has won two major awards from the Kerala State and two from the Indian government.

National Film Awards

Kerala State Film Awards

He won the Kerala State film awards for the Best Lyricist thirteen times:

Asianet Film Awards

Other awards and recognition

  • 1981 – Soviet Land Nehru Award for Uppu (A noted poetic work of Dr. Kurup)
  • 1982 – Vayalar Rama Varma Award for Uppu
  • 2007 – Honorary Doctorate (honoris causa) by University of Kerala
  • 2008 – Ezhuthachan Award
  • 2009 – Ramashramam Trust Award

Positions Held

ONV has served and headed various office of state and central government organisations. Notably:

  1. Executive Member, Executive Board of the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi from 1982-86.
  2. Chairman, Kerala Kalamandalam – the State Akademi of Classical performing Arts(1996).
  3. Fellow of the Kerala Sahitya Academy in 1999.

He also has been the part of various delegation at international events. Some of the notable among them being:

  1. Visited USSR as member of an Indian Writers Delegation to participate in the 150th birth anniversary of Leo Tolstoy.
  2. Represented India in the Struga Poetry Evenings, Yugoslavia (1987)
  3. Attended CISAC Asian Conference in Singapore(1990).
  4. Visited USA to participate in FOKANA Conference(1993).
  5. Visited USA to inaugurate literary seminar in Kerala Centre, New York (1995).
  6. Presented poems on Beethoven and Mozart in the Department of German, University of Bonn.
  7. Indian delegate to the CISAC World Conference held in Berlin (1998).


Love was the central theme of his poems and the several lyrics he wrote for films. While remaining a humanist poet, he never disassociated from the Leftist ideals in which he had deep faith. Entering the poetic world through the pro-Communist theatre movement,O N V had written scores of songs for dramas, especially for the Kerala Peoples’ Arts Centre (KPAC), which are still on the tongues of the Malayalis. Along with distinguished lyricists like Vayalar Ramavarma and P Bhaskaran, O N V was one of the leading poets who could inspire a generation to lean to the Left through revolutionary songs with a romantic tinge.

O N V’s portrayal of nature has an extraordinary charm with which he lured readers into the core of his work. And when nature faced threats, he came out with a dirge for earth `Bhoomikoru Charamageetham’ (Lament for the Earth). O N V is the fifth recipient of the country’s highest literary honour for Malayalam language, after G Sankara Kurup, S K Pottekkat, Thakazhi Shivashankara Pillai and M T Vasudevan Nair. He is the second among Malayalam poet to receive the honour after the first-ever Jnanpith was awarded to the late G Sankara Kurup.

“I consider this as an honour for Malayalam poetry. I truly believe that Malayalam poetry does not lag behind poetry in any other language and I accept this honour recalling the invaluable contributions from the illustrious pioneers of Malayalam literature,” O N V, who is on a tour of the Gulf, said on hearing the news. Sharing the elation of the literary fraternity, Jnanpith laureate M T Vasudevan Nair said this was a moment of great joy for entire Kerala. “O N V has been writing poetry for over six decades. He still retains the poetic flair in his mind without losing its vibrancy,” Nair said. State Culture Minister M A Baby said he considered this as an honour for entire Keralites as O N V continues to be the `beloved poet’ of Malayalees.

Listen ONV’s poems




Akhlaq Mohammed Khan ‘Shahryar’

(Jnanpith , 2008)

Dr. Akhlaq Mohammed Khan ‘Shahryar’ is an Indian academician, and a doyen of Urdu poetry in India, as a lyricist in Hindi films, he is most noted for his lyrics in films, Gaman (1978), Umrao Jaan (1981) and Anjuman (hindi film) (1986), by Muzaffar Ali, he writes under his pen name ‘Shahryar’.

He was awarded the 1987 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu for his poetry collection, Khwab Ka Dar Band Hai(1987)

He remained a professor of Urdu at Aligarh Muslim University, and in 1996, retired as chairman of the Urdu Department at the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, where he stays now



Early life and education

Akhlaq Mohammed Khan was born on 16 June 1936, at village Anwalla, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh in a Muslim Rajput family. He received his early education at Bulandshahr and later studied at Aligarh Muslim University.



He started his career as a literary assistant at Anjuman Tarraqqi-e-Urdu, there after he joined Aligarh Muslim University as a lecturer in Urdu, he was appointed professor in 1986, and in 1996, he retired as chairman of the Urdu Department at the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, where he now lives and devotes his time entirely to poetry, and also co-edits the literary magazine "Sher-o-Hikmat" (Poetry and Philosophy),.


His first poetry collection Ism-e-azam was published in 1965, the second collection, Satvan dar (Satva yet in English), came in 1969, the third collection titled Hijr ke mausam was released in 1978, his most celebrated work, Khwab Ke dar band hain, came in 1987, and also won him the Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu for the year. He has also published five collections of his poetry in devnagari script.

  • Ism-e-azam, 1965.
  • Satvan dar, 1969.
  • Hijr ke mausam, 1978.
  • Khwab Ke dar band Hain, 1987.
  • Neend ki Kirchen – (English: Neend That Churches) .
  • Through the Closed Doorway: A Collection of Nazms by Shahryar, tr. Rakhshanda Jalil. 2004, Rupa & Co., ISBN 812910458X.
  • Shahryar, Akhlaq Mohmmad Khan : Influence of the western criticism on the Urdu criticism, Aligarh.
  • Dhud ki Roshni (English: Dhud of Roshni): Selected Poems of Shahryar, 2003, Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 8126016159.

Filed under: Author of the week, , ,

The Librarian of Basra is A True Story of Iraq



Jeanette Winter

As the subtitle states, The Librarian of Basra is A True Story of Iraq. With limited text and folkart-style illustrations, author and illustrator Jeanette Winter relates the dramatic true story of how one determined woman helped save the Basra Central Library’s books during the invasion of Iraq.

The Librarian of Basra: A True Story of Iraq

In April 2003, the invasion of Iraq reaches Basra, a port city. Alia Muhammad Baker, the chief librarian of Basra’s Central Library is worried the books will be destroyed. When she requests permission to move the books to a place where they will be safe, the governor denies her request. Frantic, Alia does want she can to save the books.

Every night Alia secretly takes home as many of the library’s books as she can fit in her car. When bombs hit the city, buildings are damaged and fires start. When everyone else abandons the library, Alia seeks help from friends and neighbors of the library to save the library’s books.

With the help of Anis Muhammad, who owns the restaurant next to the library, his brothers, and others, thousands of books are carried to the seven-foot wall that separates the library and the restaurant, passed over the wall and hidden in the restaurant. Although shortly thereafter, the library is destroyed by fire, 30,000 of the Basra Central Library’s books have been saved by the heroic efforts of the librarian of Basra and her helpers.

The Librarian of Basra: The Author and Illustrator

Jeanette Winter is the author and illustrator of a number of children’s picture books, including September Roses, a small picture book based on a true story that happened in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, Calavera Abecedario: A Day of the Dead Alphabet Book, My Name Is Georgia, a book about artist Georgia O’Keeffe, and Josefina, a picture book inspired by Mexican folk artist Josefina Aguilar. She has also illustrated children’s books for other writers, including Day of the Dead by Tony Johnston.

In response to the question, "What do you want children to remember about the librarian of Basra?", Jeanette Winter replied, "I would hope that children would take with them the belief that one person can truly make a difference. And that they would remember the bravery of one woman protecting what was important to her, especially when they feel powerless, as we all do sometimes." (Harcourt interview)

The Librarian of Basra: The Illustrations

The book’s design complements the text. Each page features a colorful boxed illustration with text underneath it. The pages that describe the approach of war are yellow-gold; with the invasion of Basra, the pages are a somber lavender. With safety for the books and dreams of peace, the pages are a bright blue. With colors reflecting the mood, Winter’s folk art illustrations reinforce the simple, yet dramatic, story.

The Librarian of Basra: My Recommendation

This true story illustrates both the impact one person can have and the impact a group of people can have when working together under a strong leader, like the librarian of Basra, for a common cause. The Librarian of Basra also calls attention to how valuable libraries and their books can be to individuals and communities. I recommend The Librarian of Basra: A True Story of Iraq for children 8-12.


Courtesy: Elizabeth Kennedy, Guide

Filed under: Book of the week,

Cyber Quiz


1. The first non-Finnish CEO to head Nokia, appointed recently, is…?

2. Who is a ‘Googlegänger’?

3. According to a global study done by Panda Security, which are the top two sites for phishers, accounting for  44 per cent of all the malicious Web sites discovered?

4. One more on Nokia. Can you recall the digital-map supplier that the cell-phone maker bought for $8.1 billion in 2007?

5. Google’s new resource for parents to help them keep their kids safe while surfing the Net is called…?

6. Name the former Sun CEO who is now in charge of a health start-up called ‘Picture of Health’.

7. Asus’ Eee PC 4G is considered the first…?

8. According to Google, globally everyone using which of its new feature would save more than 3.5 billion seconds a day, i.e. 11 hours saved every second?

9. In the context of Android OS, Froyo is a portmanteau word made up of…?

10. ‘Charlie’ was Apple’s internal codename for…?



1. Stephen Elop.

2. A person with your name who shows up when you google yourself.

3. eBay (23 per cent) and Western Union (21 per cent).

4. Navteq.

5. Family Safety Center.

6. Jonathan Schwartz.

7. Netbook.

8. Google Instant.

9. Frozen Yogurt.

10. iPhone 3G S.


Courtesy: V V Ramanan, The Business Line

Filed under: YW-Cyber Quiz

The E-Textbook Experiment Turns A Page


Brandon Hamilton, a senior and economics major at Reed College,
does schoolwork on his iPad by the college’s Old Dorm Block.

by Lynn Neary

For a few years now, people have been expecting electronic textbooks to take off in a big way: They’re cheaper than traditional textbooks, easier to carry around in a backpack, and seem like a natural progression for students who have grown up playing and working with digital devices.

Despite all that, traditional textbooks have prevailed — until now. The game changer, according to Matt MacInnis, may be a little thing called the iPad.

MacInnis is the founder and CEO of Inkling, a company that designs textbook software for the iPad. He says the iPad has allowed for the reinvention of the textbook.

"We give guided tours through complex concepts," he says. "So rather than seeing a picture of a cell dividing and then having a big, long caption, you can now tap … through all the different phases of cell division and see those things unfurl in front of you."

He says that changes things because, until now, e-textbooks have basically just been bad imitations of their paper counterparts.

"When you just copy the stuff that’s on a page and slap it onto a computer screen, you really don’t get the same effect that was intended for what you have on paper," he says.

Alex Montgomery-Amo, a professor of political science at Reed College in Portland, Ore., couldn’t agree more. Reed College is one of a number of universities around the country that have been experimenting with the iPad, turning Montgomery-Amo’s nuclear politics course into something of a laboratory for electronic readers.

iPad screenshot

Courtesy of Inkling

This interactive diagram of a cell digesting a protein appears in Inkling’s iPad version of Peter Raven’s textbook Biology.

Last year they tried out the Kindle and this year they’ve been given free iPads to test. Montgomery-Amo says they’re hoping to have better luck with the iPad than they had with the Kindle.

"That went … I think horribly would be a good way of putting it," he says. "The problem is that the Kindle is less interactive than a piece of paper in that the paper, you can quickly write notes in the margin or star something or highlight something, and the Kindle was so slow at highlighting and making notes that the students stopped reading them as scholarly texts and started reading them like novels."

The result, according to Montgomery-Amo, is that his students didn’t understand the material as well as they did when using a traditional textbook.

To make matters worse, he says the Kindle proved unable to keep up with the class discussion — it would take half a minute to load a page and by then, the discussion would have lost its momentum.

The professors are not the only ones who are happy with the iPad’s performance. Senior Michael Crane and junior Rebecca Traber say that even though they’ve only had their iPads for a few weeks, they’ve already been pleasantly surprised.

"I thought it would just kind of be a fun toy," Crane says. "It still is a fun toy, but it also … makes it really easy to read articles for class. In fact, I read pretty much all my articles for all my classes on this now. The instant boot time I think is really nice because if I have half an hour somewhere, I don’t have to set up my laptop to get my articles out."

"I actually found it startlingly easy to annotate," Traber says. "You just swipe your finger and you highlight."

The students have the option to buy their iPads at a good price at the end of the year, and while Rebecca Traber says she’s thinking about it, junior Tevon Edwards doesn’t think it’s worth the money.

"It doesn’t solve enough problems for how much it costs," he says. "For most classes, I can use a laptop … and there are programs I could use for a laptop that would also allow me to annotate," Edwards says.

Traber also has her doubts.

"While I like reading on it better than reading on a laptop, in terms of creating anything — like writing papers or even e-mails — it’s ridiculously hard," she says. "I don’t like the keyboard at all."

Crane, Traber and Edwards may not know it yet, but they’re all in the process of deciding what the classroom of the future will look like. They’ll choose the device that works best for them — be it an iPad, a PC or a traditional textbook — and content providers will have to design software that works across each platform.

Sean Devine, CEO of the e-textbook provider CourseSmart, says that’s why, for a while at least, digital textbooks will have to match the layout of their print counterparts.

"We believe that students will be sitting side by side in a classroom and not all of them will have iPads," he says. "Some of them may have the print book just as they have had for years. And they need to see the same thing — they need to be literally on the same page."

Inkling’s Matt MacInnis says his company is also designing software that is compatible with the printed page, but he also thinks the iPad and similar tablet devices will be hard for students to resist.

He says the era of the $180 textbook is ending and the time when you can download a chapter for $2.99 is only just beginning. That’s why, when it comes to marketing his e-textbooks, MacInnis says he’ll be aiming straight for the students.

He says, "I can absolutely guarantee you that the guy with the book version is looking over the shoulder — with envy — at the guy with the iPad version."

That, according to MacInnis, is just how it works.



Filed under: Article of the Week

A week without Facebook…


A technological college, with fewer students than many Facebook users have friends, is blacking out social media for a week.

The bold experiment at Harrisburg University of Science and Technology — which has drawn praise, criticism and even a jab on late-night TV — means students and staff can’t access Facebook, Twitter or a host of other ubiquitous social networks while on campus.

Provost Eric Darr said the exercise that began on Monday is not a punishment for the school’s 800 students, nor a precursor to a ban, but a way for people to think critically about the prevalence of social media.

The blackout comes on the heels of a report that Web users in the U.S. spend more time socializing on Facebook than searching with Google, according to data released last week from researchers at comScore Inc.

Still, Darr said he can’t believe the controversy generated in the Twitterverse, blogosphere and academia, with some accusing the school of inflicting “a terrible thing and an infringement upon people’s rights.”

“By and large, the students are supportive of the whole exercise and don’t get so worked up over it,” Darr said.

On campus, attempts to log in to MySpace or LinkedIn return the message, “This domain is blocked.” E-mail, texting and other Web surfing is still allowed, but not instant-messaging.

Student Ashley Harris, 22, said the blackout has freed her to concentrate on her classwork instead of toggling on her laptop between social networks and the lesson at hand.

“I feel obligated to check my Facebook. I feel obligated to check my Twitter. Now I don’t,” Harris said. “I can just solely focus.”

Part of Harris’s willingness to disconnect stemmed from her feeling that the experiment demonstrates the young university’s focus on innovation. The private nonprofit institution was founded in 2003 and operates out of a 16-story building in downtown Harrisburg, the state capital about 95 miles (155 kilometers) northwest of Philadelphia.

Adam Ostrow, editor-in-chief of the social media news site, said he’d be interested to see if the university collects any hard metrics from the ban, such as better class attendance or more assignments turned in on time.

But he doesn’t think a blackout is feasible over the long-term. Though Facebook has been blocked in some workplaces as a time-waster, it is a crucial tool for college students to coordinate social schedules, organize events, plan study sessions and collaborate on assignments.

“You really can’t disconnect people from it in the long run without creating some real inefficiencies and backlash,” said Ostrow.

Ironically, the university hosted a social media summit on Wednesday — mid-blackout. That caused some angst for guest speaker Sherrie Madia, communications director for the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, who, like many, is used to tweeting during conferences.

She said the buzz around the ban has started a much-needed conversation about effective use of social media and how to balance online life with the world offline.

“Do we really want to be enslaved to Facebook or Twitter?” Madia said. “Once you create anything in social media, you have to feed the beast. When you stop adding content, you disappear.”

The university has created course work around the ban, and some students will write essays about their experience.

Darr acknowledged students can use smart phones to bypass the university’s computer network or go to a nearby hotel for unblocked Wi-Fi. And at a tech-centric school, he said, some students will try to get around the firewall just to prove they can.

Yet if people feel that compelled to check status updates or Twitter replies, that’s important to know.

“I want an honest reaction to the experiment,” Darr said.

The provost also confessed to some trepidation — College officials can’t use social networks this week either for student recruiting, business networking or curriculum planning.

“Next week, I will be as thankful as the next person we’re back on social media,” Darr said.


Reported by A.P.


Filed under: Snippets

Raj of the Rani: Book Review

"Freedom is the oxygen of soul”





This book of Tapti Roy deals with the life of a warrior queen from history – Rani lLkshmibai , who was a figure in the gallery of heroes of the ‘First war of Independence’. Apart from the descriptive events of the freedom struggle,the book also presents the life of common man during the time of British rule in India.It is more than a fiction,realistic more than being dramatic in language.This book deals with the different phases of Rani Lakshmibai’s life – transition from Manikarnika (daughter of Moropant Tambe) to Rani Lakshmibai,queen of Lhansi is depicted very clearly.The life of energetic,vivacious and brave child, brilliant and expert queen is being presented with different versions of same story. As the information is collected from reliable sources, it is a good source of reference too.It salutes the valour of the nation’s heroes who sacrificed their lives to provide the freedom we enjoy today.It presents the chain of historic events which ultimately led to the freedom.We feel the patriotism while reading each and every line of this book and it honours this brave woman who found out her place in history.

Reviewed by

Arya S

Filed under: Book Reviews, ,

Man Booker Prize 2010 shortlist

Peter Carey, Emma Donoghue, Damon Galgut, Howard Jacobson, Andrea Levy and Tom McCarthy are today, Tuesday 7 September, announced as the six shortlisted authors for the 2010 Man Booker Prize for Fiction. For over four decades the prize – the leading literary award in the English speaking world – has brought recognition, reward and readership to the outstanding new novels of the year. The shortlist was announced by Chair of judges, Sir Andrew Motion, at a press conference held at Man’s London headquarters.

The six books, selected from the Man Booker Prize longlist of 13, are:

Peter Carey Parrot and Olivier in America (Faber and Faber)

Emma Donoghue Room (Picador – Pan Macmillan)

Damon Galgut In a Strange Room (Atlantic Books – Grove Atlantic)

Howard Jacobson The Finkler Question (Bloomsbury)

Andrea Levy The Long Song (Headline Review –
Headline Publishing Group)

Tom McCarthy C (Jonathan Cape – Random House)

Chair of judges Andrew Motion, comments:

"It’s been a great privilege and an exciting challenge for us to reduce our longlist of thirteen to this shortlist of six outstandingly good novels. In doing so, we feel sure we’ve chosen books which demonstrate a rich variety of styles and themes – while in every case providing deep individual pleasures."

Australian author Peter Carey is one of only two authors to have won the prize twice, in 1988 for Oscar and Lucinda and in 2001 for True History of the Kelly Gang. Should he win this year, he would become the only author to have won three times. He was also shortlisted in 1985 for Illywhacker. South African author Damon Galgut has previously been shortlisted for his book The Good Doctor in 2003 and Howard Jacobson has been longlisted twice before for his novels Kalooki Nights in 2006 and Who’s Sorry Now? in 2002. Irish author Emma Donoghue is, at 40, the youngest author on the shortlist.

The winner of the 2010 Man Booker Prize for Fiction will be announced on Tuesday 12 October at a dinner at London’s Guildhall. The announcement will be broadcast on BBC News across television, radio and online.

The winner will receive a cheque for £50,000 and worldwide recognition. Last year’s winning novel, Wolf Hall by Hilary Mantel, has now sold over half a million copies in the UK alone. Each of the six shortlisted authors, including the winner, receives £2,500 and a designer bound edition of their shortlisted book.

Chaired by Andrew Motion, former Poet Laureate, the 2010 judges are Rosie Blau, Literary Editor of the Financial Times; Deborah Bull, formerly a dancer, now Creative Director of the Royal Opera House as well as a writer and broadcaster; Tom Sutcliffe, journalist, broadcaster and author and Frances Wilson, biographer and critic.

On Sunday 10 October, two days before the winner is announced, the shortlisted authors will appear at Southbank Centre’s Royal Festival Hall. It is the only public opportunity to join the 2010 shortlisted authors for readings from their books, discussion and an audience Q&A.

In addition, the Man Booker Prize has teamed up with the Victoria and Albert Museum and the London based private members’ club The Groucho Club, who will both host events with some of the shortlisted authors for their members.

Last month the prize announced exciting new digital plans for 2010. The Man Booker Prize App is now free to download from the App Store to an Apple iPhone or iPod Touch and is the UK’s first app for a literary prize. The prize has also partnered with T-Mobile via the digital book retailer GoSpoken. T-Mobile users can access content on their mobile phones and GoSpoken has provided free audio extracts from all the 13 longlisted titles which can be downloaded to subscribers’ mobiles.


Peter Carey

Parrot and Olivier in America, 2010, Shortlisted

Man Booker International Prize 2009, Contender

Man Booker International Prize 2007, Contender

Theft: A Love Story, 2006, Longlisted

True History of the Kelly Gang, 2001, Winner

Oscar and Lucinda, 1988, Winner

Illywhacker, 1985, Shortlisted

Image of Peter Carey

Peter Carey was born in Australia in May 1943 and is the author of six novels. He won the Booker Prize in 1988 for Oscar and Lucinda (which has since been made into a film starring Ralph Fiennes) and was shortlisted in 1985 with Illywhacker. His other novels include The Unusual Life of Tristan Smith and Jack Maggs (winner of the 1998 Commonwealth Writers Prize). He has also written a collection of short stories, The Fat Man in History, and a book for children, The Big Bazoohley. Peter Carey won The Man Booker Prize for the second time in 2001 with True History of the Kelly Gang and was nominated for the Man Booker International Prize in 2007 and 2009.

visit the author’s website



Emma Donoghue

Room, 2010, Shortlisted

Born in 1969, Emma Donoghue is an Irish writer who lives in Canada. Her fiction includes the bestselling Slammerkin.


Damon Galgut

In a Strange Room, 2010, Shortlisted

The Good Doctor, 2003, Shortlisted

Damon Galgut was born in Pretoria in 1963. He wrote his first novel, A Sinless Season, when he was seventeen. His other books include Small Circle of Beings, The Beautiful Screaming of Pigs, The Quarry, The Good Doctor and The Impostor. The Good Doctor, published in 2003, was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize, the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize and the Dublin/IMPAC Award and was published in eighteen countries. Damon Galgut lives in Cape Town.


Howard Jacobson

The Finkler Question, 2010, Shortlisted

Kalooki Nights, 2006, Longlisted

Who’s Sorry Now?, 2002, Longlisted

An award-winning writer and broadcaster, Howard Jacobson was born in Manchester, brought up in Prestwich and was educated at Stand Grammar School in Whitefield, and Downing College, Cambridge, where he studied under F. R. Leavis. He lectured for three years at the University of Sydney before returning to teach at Selwyn College, Cambridge. His novels include The Mighty Walzer (winner of the Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse Prize), Kalooki Nights (longlisted for the Man Booker Prize) and, most recently, the highly acclaimed The Act of Love. Howard Jacobson lives in London.


Andrea Levy

The Long Song, 2010, Shortlisted

Andrea Levy is a child of the Windrush. She is the daughter of one of the pioneers who sailed from Jamaica to England on the Empire Windrush ship. Her father and later her mother came to Britain in 1948 in search of a better life. For the British born Levy this meant that she grew up black in a very white England. This experience has given her an unusual perspective on the country of her birth – neither feeling totally part of the society nor a total outsider.

Her novels include the semi-autobiographical Every Light in the House Burnin’ (1994), Never Far From Nowhere (1996), Fruit of the Lemon (1999) and Small Island (2004).

Small Island is the winner of the Orange Prize for Fiction, the Orange Prize for Fiction Best of the Best, the Whitbread Novel Award and Best Book Award, and the Commonwealth Writer’s Prize.

Andrea Levy lives in London


Tom McCarthy

C, 2010, Shortlisted

Tom McCarthy was born in 1969 and grew up in London. His creation, in 1999, of the International Necronautical Society (INS), a ‘semi-fictitious organisation’ that combines literature, art and philosophy, has led to publications, installations and exhibitions in galleries and museums around the world, from Tate Britain and the ICA in London to Moderna Museet in Stockholm and The Drawing Center in New York. Tom regularly writes on literature and art for publications including The New York Times, The London Review of Books and Artforum.



Filed under: Book of the week, , ,

Different styles of classroom teaching




The lecture method is not considered one of the most effective methods of teaching as the students are often mere passive listeners.

Last week we discussed how a good teacher should handle the classroom situation. Let us now focus our attention on the various styles of teaching in a classroom.


Teaching in higher classes mostly follows the lecture method, with the convenience it offers. In the first place, a large number of students can be handled simultaneously. The teacher is in full control of the lesson. He is the sole source of information. It is a good method for introducing a new topic.

A lecture can be used to cover a large syllabus area in a limited time. It can not only enlighten an assembly, but motivate it and even inspire it. It is fine for pep talk. In science and technology, the information given in textbooks may be outdated. Even the latest update can be presented to the classroom through a lecture. Above all, many teachers enjoy their lectures because of their potential for aesthetic pleasure.

In spite of these merits, we should remember that the lecture method is not considered as one of the most effective methods of teaching. The pupils have little involvement; they are often mere passive listeners or silent witnesses. Those with poor listening skills do not benefit much. If they do not take notes, they will forget most of what they have heard. Some lectures may be boring; this may lead to the pupils losing interest in the subject or even hating it. If reverse questions are not encouraged, pupils who have not followed a part may not grasp what comes later. This results in a teaching disaster.

As a solution to some of the problems indicated above, teachers should ensure pupils’ participation in classroom lectures. They should maintain good eye contact with the pupils, carefully watch their reactions, and confirm that they remain interested in the lesson. The teacher should pose questions and get answers that help in the development of the lesson. Further, questions from students, seeking clarifications or further explanation, should be encouraged in order to ensure their active participation. There should be appropriate gestures and cadences in the voice to avoid monotony in the lecture. The teacher has to be enthusiastic right through the lecture. Important points should be emphasised through pauses or repetition or appropriate gestures.

Go from known to unknown. You learn something in the form of an addition or extension to your existing knowledge. Go from simple to complex, and from concrete to abstract. Often you may have to go from particular to general. In some other contexts, you may have to go from general to particular. (Let us illustrate this need. Take the case of an electrician repairing a fluorescent lamp in a shop where he joined recently. He knows the operation and maintenance of fluorescent lamps in general. He is applying the generalised knowledge to the particular situation. But how did he first learn the features of the fluorescent lamps? He must have had his lessons from a particular fluorescent lamp. He then generalised the particular information, and now used it for the repair in the new situation. He thereby went from the general to particular.) Also, an overall view of a topic should be presented before going into details. The pupils should not miss the wood for the trees. First show the wood and then point at the trees.

Restate and periodically summarise key points. Never speak continuously from the beginning to the end of a period. There has to be breaks for questions and interaction. The lecture has to be structured to suit this style. Finish the lecture forcefully. Do not allow it to taper off quietly and trail away.

The chalkboard should be used in tandem to note down the vital points. Other teaching aids may also be used, if appropriate. A natural conversational style would usually be more effective than styles of spellbinding oratory.

Guided discussion

The teacher draws out what the pupils know, rather than telling them everything in the lesson. The pupils should be informed beforehand the topics to be discussed and the lesson objective, thereby enabling them to make adequate preparation to make the discussion lively and effective. The teacher may indicate the right sources for preparation. In other words, the guided discussion has to be planned well.

During the discussion, the teacher has to be vigilant so that no misleading idea is presented by a pupil, because of his ignorance. Perhaps he might have misunderstood what he read from a textbook or other source.

The teacher should treat everyone in the group impartially. He should give appropriate guiding comments and encourage questions from the participants. After all, learning comes mostly from questions and answers in a guided discussion. The teacher can initiate the session by posing an open question.

If a pupil makes a mistake, the teacher should correct him. There should be no sarcasm in the teacher’s words, since it would dissuade pupils from active participation. The teacher can ask a student to explain a point in greater detail. He has to ensure that the discussion is in the right track, and bring it back if it goes astray. However, the teacher’s intervention should be the minimum required. The discussion should not be allowed to ramble for long.

The teacher needs to answer a question only if no student in the group can do it. He should keep a note that contains all the points that should emerge from the discussion, and supplement it appropriately. For each sub-topic, the teacher may pose a leading question. The lesson objective should be clear, and should be achieved by the end of the discussion. There has to be a conclusion that highlights all the essential points. The pupils should prepare notes based on the discussion.



Filed under: Teacher's Corner, ,

Students became Librarians on Teacher’s Day

Students took control of the Library on Techer’s Day 2010. Anusha Dias, Rani Sharin, Jeffy Antony and Rohit from Class XII acted as Librarians and had a taste of it.








Filed under: Library activities, , ,

Split Up Syllabus 2010-‘11 (Lucknow Region)

Secondary Sections

Primary Sections

Split up of Syllabus Class – I

Split up of Syllabus Class – II

Split up of Syllabus Class – III

Split up of Syllabus Class – VI

Split up of Syllabus Class – V


Courtesy: KVS RO, Lucknow

Filed under: Downloads, ,


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