Library@Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom

Where Minds meet and Ideas pop up !

Transforming the classroom environment

by

B.S.Warrier

Most of our classrooms are teacher-centred, with one-way communication from the teacher to pupils. Here is what one needs to do change it.

He who can, does. He who cannot, teaches.” This quote is a jibe from George Bernard Shaw, given by him under the title ‘Maxims for Revolutionists’ in his renowned play ‘Man and Superman’ (1903). At best, it is a censure on ineffective teachers. It is not a universal truth. Teaching is a noble profession that moulds the emerging generations.

“The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires”, said William Arthur Ward, scholar, author, and teacher.

Often conventional teaching in schools and colleges degenerates into drudgery for the teacher, which in turn becomes drudgery and dull drill for the pupil. The great charm of teaching that merges knowledge and skill is relegated to the background, when examination scores become not only the first priority, but the sole objective.

This is not a new phenomenon. Perhaps when Mark Twain said that he had never let his schooling to interfere with his education, he had the boredom of school routine in mind.

A good teacher can make the teaching-learning process an enjoyable experience, provided he has commitment to the profession. Dedication, perseverance, and empathy with children are some of the essential traits. There is a view, “teaching is not a profession; it is a passion”.

Even gifted sculptors express their creativity by shaping lifeless blocks of stone, wood, or metal. But a teacher moulds growing human beings with a mind, a heart, and a soul. The sacred nature of a teacher’s work is obvious.

The central aspect of education is learning. We know that teaching and learning are two sides of the same coin. There is an enormous volume of scientific literature bringing out the diverse features of institutionalised teaching-learning processes. Let us extract from this treasury of knowledge, principles that are of relevance and immediate application in classroom teaching. Awareness of the possibilities of fine teaching will enrich pupils’ classroom experience as well.

The ultimate objective of any teaching is effective learning by the pupil. Strategies for teaching have, therefore, to be designed on the basis of relevant phases of the internal processes of learning. The phases are:

Getting motivated

Apprehending (the pupil coming face to face with the key points)

Acquisition

Retention (transfer from short-term to long-term memory)

Recall

Generalisation (applying the knowledge gained to new situations)

Performance (the pupil demonstrates through performance)

Feedback

The mental processes are influenced by factors such as the pupil’s questioning ability, and the availability of learning resources including teacher’s guidance. A teacher is an instrument that facilitates, promotes, hastens, and influences the activities in the internal processes in the pupil during learning.

When we find that a pupil experiences difficulty in learning a lesson, we should analyse the reasons behind the difficulty. This can be done effectively, if we keep in mind the different factors that influence assimilation.

We should not forget that learning is a complex mental process. Many parents often accuse their children for their poor scores in the examination, without caring to appreciate the children’s difficulty in assimilating new ideas. If the parent can show some patience to imagine what feeling he would have if he is asked to learn quickly a strange language like Korean or Chinese, he may realise the child’s predicament.

Some of the important factors that influence assimilation are the following:

Meaning (Unless the lesson makes sense to the pupil, he may not be able to learn it easily)

Interest (Pupils should be properly motivated. Suppose a chemistry teacher intends to teach ‘conservation of matter’. Instead of defining the principle, the teacher may ignite some spirit in a watch glass kept on the classroom table, show the empty watch glass after the spirit has burnt, and then ask the pupils how the spirit has disappeared. Slowly, the principle of ‘conservation of matter’ can be developed by graded questions, and answers from the pupils. Once curiosity is aroused, pupils will get interested in the concept. Deeper the pupil’s interest in the lesson, better the retention.)

Depth of impression (This can be improved by vividness in teaching; describe to generate clear pictures in the mind.)

Association of ideas (Link new knowledge to an old piece of knowledge. Use good sequence and logical development of the lesson)

Repetition (Not dull repetition, but repetition that offers pleasure or satisfaction)

Frequency of recall (Use tests or assignments)

Prioritising (forget the unimportant and retain the essentials)

The classroom situation

Most of our classrooms are teacher-centred, with one-way communication from the teacher to pupils, as in a radio broadcast. One may label it as authoritarian and directive. Though it may be effective in preparing for a formal examination, it is desirable that the classroom is made pupil-centred, at least occasionally.

In a lecture-discussion, the classroom is not totally dominated by the teacher. Instead, the pupils get opportunities for participation; there is co-operative striving for a common goal. This situation boosts the self-confidence of the pupils in facing life’s challenges.

The overall style of classroom management should neither be totally authoritarian or totally permissive. The teacher should strive to strike a happy balance for ensuring effective learning with pupils’ participation. After all, the larger picture of the college classroom aims at development of the personality of the pupils.

Some guidelines for effective classroom management are indicated below.

Follow the same rules for all students

Enforce your declared rules consistently

Know the names of students

Be tough in the beginning; may loosen later if all goes well

See that the pupils come prepared (mind and materials)

See that they listen

Use occasional humour. It makes children comfortable

Never insult a pupil in the classroom or elsewhere, whether it is for poor performance or for other reasons

Do not ignore good performance; do tell them they did well

Submission of assignments on time. Also, return them after correction on time

Develop good habits like punctuality through your style (be a role model)

Don’t allow the tail to wag the dog. But be pragmatic.

 

Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Article of the Week

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Live updates

Library@KV Pattom

Dear Visitor,

This is the official Blog of Library @ Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom, launched in September 2007. Explore the site, you will get a complete picture of all offline and online resources available and services provided by the Library. Here is a friend, who will help you to find, evaluate and use the right information at right time.

You are the Visitor, Number

  • 5,090,677

5 Million Hits and counting..

Thank you all for making this blog a great success.

Upcoming Events

No upcoming events

KVS Innovations and Experimentations Award 2010

"Library Junction" won the KVS Innovations and Experimentation Award 2010.

All India Competition on Innovative Practices and Experiments in Education for Schools and Teacher Education Institutions 2010-’11

Library Junction won the "All India Competition on Innovative Practices and Experiments in Education for Schools and Teacher Education Institutions 2010-'11" conducted by NCERT.

Visit your Library

Browse Books and Periodicals. Read Newspapers. Pick a New Book from the 'New Arrivals' rack. Search the Internet and the OPAC. Refer for assignments and projects. Suggest a book. Ask a question.Write your comments. And more...Visit the Library Today itself. You are most welcome.

Telephone Reference

+91 9447699724 (Librarian)

E-mail Reference

mail your reference questions to librarykvpattom@gmail.com

Ask the Librarian

“Billion beats:the pulse of India”

The fortnightly e-paper uplinked to www.abdulkalam.com. To visit click the link "E-paper" on Web directory

Website of the Week

http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/

Archives

RSS This day in History

  • Pompey defeated by Julius Caesar at the Battle of Pharsalus: 9 August 48 - This Day in History
    During the Roman Civil War of 49–45 , Julius Caesar's troops on this day in 48 decisively defeated the army of Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus, causing Pompey to flee to Egypt, where he was subsequently murdered.More Events on this day:1945: The second atomic bomb dropped on Japan by the United States in World War II struck the city of Nagasaki.1 […]
  • Amedeo Avogadro: Biography of the Day
    Amedeo AvogadroBorn this day in 1776, Amedeo Avogadro of Italy showed that, under controlled conditions of temperature and pressure, equal volumes of gases contain an equal number of molecules—what became known as Avogadro's law.
  • Concise Encyclopedia Book and CD-ROM: Special Price from The Britannica Store
    For RSS subscribers The Britannica Store presents a special 20% discount on the Concise Encyclopedia and free CD-ROM. This thoroughly revised and expanded edition of Britannica's most popular publication worldwide is a one-volume encyclopedia containing 28,000 articles accompanied by colorful photographs, diagrams, maps, and flags. The Britannica Concis […]

Recommendations

Library Bookmark

Be a Fan of Library on Facebook

e-reading hub @ Your Library

Face a Book Challenge

RSS KV News Digest

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

Reader of the Month (September 2016)

Sruthi S., VII A

Learn anything freely with Khan Academy Library of Content

A free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere.

Interactive challenges, assessments, and videos, on any topic of your interest.

It’s My Library: Share your Bookfies, Libfies and all Library Stories

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 5,661 other followers

Face a Book: The Reading Challenge

InfoLit India: Information Literacy Project for Young Learners

Subscribe SMS updates

Send: ON Library_KVPattom to 9870807070

‘School Libraries Rocks’ ; International Bookmark Exchange Programme 2015, with Croatia

CBSE Toll Free Tele/Online Helpline

Students can call 1800-11-7002 from any part of the country. The operators will answer general queries and also connect them to the counselors for psychological counseling. On-line counseling on: director.edusat@rediffmail.com, mcsharma2007@rediffmail.com

Child Line (1098)

CHILDLINE 1098 service is a 24 hour free emergency phone outreach service for children in need of care and protection.

Population Stabilization in India Toll Free Helpline

Dial 1800-11-6555 for expert advice on reproductive, maternal and child health; adolescent and sexual health; and family planning.

Quick Answers

CONTACT

S.L.Faisal, Librarian, Kendriya Vidyalaya (Shift-I) Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram-695 004, Kerala, India. Mail: librarykvpattom at gmail.com
%d bloggers like this: