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1. How is the Cumulative Grade Point Average calculated? Anishaa A., Class 12, Kendriya Vidyalaya Railway Colony, Bengaluru.

A. Cumulative Grade Point Average(CGPA) is the average of Grade Points obtained in all the subjects excluding the 6th additional subject as per the Scheme of Studies for Class IX/ Class X.

2. Class 9 and 10 CBSE students go through the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation system where they write two Summative Assessments with each exam containing only 50 per cent of the syllabus. All of a sudden the same students in Class 11 and 12 or PUC will have to write the exam in an annual scheme which includes the entire syllabus. It becomes difficult for students to learn and remember the entire syllabus in one stroke. – Pooja L. Kanth, Class 10, National Public School, Mysuru.

A. The main purpose of introducing CCE at Secondary level has been to reduce examination burden on students and give more emphasis on acquiring learning and life skills and nurturing their hobbies. In senior classes the students are mature and focussed enough to organise their studies and prepare for their Board examinations as well as entrance examinations for professional courses.

3. I would like to know whether the marks scored in Problem Solving Assessment will be taken into account for the final examination? – Anu Joseph, Class 11, Bhavan’s Munshi Vidyashram, Thiruvankulam, Ernakulam.

A. Marks scored in Problem Solving Assessment are counted towards FA-4 in class IX as well as class-X. Consequently, these marks are counted in the overall performance of a student during the year.

4. Due to some valid reason, if a student is unable to take up the Problem Solving Assessment in Class 9, what would be the marks awarded in Formative Assessment 4 of Class IX? – Chandravadhana, Class 9, National Model Senior Secondary School, Peelamedu, Coimbatore.

A. If a student is unable to appear in compulsory PSA in Class IX due to genuine and valid reasons with due information given to the school authorities, he/she can appear in this examination next year while studying in Class X. Under special circumstances, the school authorities may conduct FA-4 for special cases. However, every effort should be made to ensure that all students appear in Problem Solving Assessment.

5. Why are we not getting a stream choice in Class 9, like in the ICSE board? Don’t you think this will help students focus more on their preferred field? -Vinayak Sharma, Class 10, Lakshmipat Singhania Academy, Kolkata.

A. The CBSE does not promote subject streams. As per the Scheme of Studies, the students are free to choose electives of their choice from the given list of subjects based on their aptitude and interest in addition to one or two languages out of which one shall be Hindi and / or English.

6. I am a Class 10 student and have opted for the school-based examination. I wanted to know if there will be any priority for students who have opted for board correction for getting a seat in any other CBSE school for Class 11. Abbas S.V., Class 10, St. John’s Senior Secondary School and Junior College, Chennai.

A. As there is no difference in the school-based assessment certificates issued by CBSE for the Board-conducted and school-conducted summative examination, the students can seek admission in the school of their choice based on their overall performance reflected in School-Based Assessment Certificate and the admission policy of the school.

7. Will our Class 9 result be added to the Class 10 results? –Sangamesh D., Class IX, Karnatak Public School, Bidar/ I would like to know if the CGPA obtained in Class 9 will be added to the CGPA of Class 10?- Sugam Yadav, Class 9, Arunodaya Public School, Delhi.

A. Grades of IX and X will not be combined for CGPA. The grades obtained by a student in Class IX and Class X are reflected separately in Class X Certificate.

8. Why is Problem Solving Assessment conducted instead of Formative Assessment 4? How does it help students? Rajshekar Bunage, Class 9, Karnatak Public School, Bidar.

A. Problem Solving Assessment is conducted primarily to promote thinking skills, reasoning skills, analytical skills, language skills and other higher order mental skills of the students. Development of such life skills helps the students to improve their performance in academics as well as real life situations.

9. Many say that correction by board authorities would be a little liberal. Is that true? –Vivek G. Class 10, Pon Vidya Mandir School, Karur.

A. As far as CBSE is concerned the marking of answer sheets is done as per the marking scheme prepared by the Board.

10. What is the best way to go about studying for Mathematics? – Nitish Raghav, Class 10, Pon Vidyashram, Valasaravakkam.

A. The best way to study Mathematics is to have sufficient practice in solving variety of unsolved questions. Instead of rote learning of formulae, their repeated use in solving questions with proper understanding of the processes involved can help you a lot.

11. What are the CBSE norms regarding student attendance in Class 12? Can a school debar any child from sitting for board exam if he has not completed 75% school attendance in Class 12?- Kshitij Chitransh, Class 12, Maharshi Patanjali Vidya Mandir, Teliarganj, Allahabad.

A. A student should have minimum 75% attendance to be eligible to appear for the Class XII examination. However on medical grounds, the attendance should be minimum 60%. The attendance can be further condoned on account of serious medical conditions as contained in rule 14 of the Examination byelaws which are available on the CBSE’s website. A school can debar a student from appearing in the Class XII examination on the grounds of shortage of attendance and not fulfilling above requirement.

12. Due to some valid reason, if a student is unable to take up the Assessment of Speaking and Listening Skills (ASL) in Class 9, what would be the marks awarded? –Roshini. V, Class 9, Shemford School, Hosur.

A. It is the responsibility of the school authorities to conduct the test and send the result. Since it is a formal examination, all rules which apply to other examinations apply to ASL also. There should be no reason why a student cannot take an exam unless there is a medical emergency. Then also the school has to take a call in the welfare of a student.

13. I have not taken a sixth subject in Class 11, but I want to take a sixth subject in Class 12. Can I get a sixth subject? –Ashish Kumar, Class 11, Guru Gobind Singh Public School, Bokaro.

A. As a rule, the student should have studied the same subjects in Classes XI and XII.

14. Is there any rule stating that only a student who is going to take another Board in Class 11 should opt for the CBSE Class X Board-based examination? – Devayani Keer, Class 10, Sophia Senior Secondary School, Bhilwara, Rajasthan.

A. As per the CBSE’s Scheme of Examinations at Secondary level, students of schools affiliated to the Board who wish to move out of the CBSE system after Class X, i.e. who wish to join institutions/ schools/ Junior Colleges affiliated to Boards other than the CBSE shall be required to take the Board’s External Examination (Summative Assessment II) at Secondary (Class X) level.

15. Why is the Open Text Based Assessment (OTBA) conducted with Summative Assessment II for 10 marks? How does it help students? – B. Sriram, Class 9, Sri Prakash Vidyaniketan, Visakhapatnam.

A. The Open Text-Based Assessment provides opportunities to students to apply theoretical concepts to a real-life scenario by encouraging active and group learning in the class. The students are tested on their ability to comprehend, analyse and interpret the given situation, offer suggestions and opinions on the given issues based on their knowledge of concepts. OTBA is less stressful for students as it is more natural and requires less time for preparation and memorisation of facts as compared with closed examination. It gives more time for logical and creative thinking and promotes greater understanding of subjects. It also trains them in effective use of memory and acquiring skills of processing information thus making learning a pleasurable activity.

16. Class X students were given the opportunity of taking a vocational subject last academic year (Class IX). Our school offered Retail- Code 401, as the vocational subject. Kindly support us with sample papers as this is the first batch sitting for this subject. –Sharon Hepzibah, Class X, Chennai Public School, Thirumazhisai, Chennai

A. You may request your school to send a mail to CBSE Vocational Unit at its email id: for getting sample question paper on the Retail course.

17. Is there any necessity for model tests before Summative Assessment 2? –Yogesh P., Class 9, Mahendra International School, Namakkal

A. The very purpose of CCE is to reduce examination stress among students. Emphasis should be on enhancement of learning by using a variety of learner friendly tools and techniques of assessment and integrating them in teaching-learning process which should be innovative, flexible and sensitive to the needs of students.

18. Will NCC enrolment increase our Class 10 grades? Roshreysuff, Class 9, Shree Sarasswathi Vidhyaah Mandheer School, Coimbatore

A. Subjects are for experiencing the joys in the learning process. N.C.C. is offered as an additional subject for the students who wish to appear for the A certificate at secondary level. It can also be offered as part of Co-scholastic Activities under Part 3 (B) Health & Physical Education. The curriculum of NCC has been designed specially to focus on character building and inculcation of leadership qualities and skill enhancement among students.

19. How many activities or projects should be conducted for each Formative Assessment? – Shiva Tanayd, Class 9, Karnatak Public School, Bidar

A. The Board does not promote too many tests in Formative Assessment. Formative Assessment may comprise of two/three varieties of assessment techniques including one small pen-paper test.

20. How much marks from Problem Solving Assessment will be added for each subject? –J. Ajay, Class 10, Pon Vidya Mandir, Karur

A. Weightage of 10% is given to Problem Solving Assessment performance in the calculation of overall result of a student in every subject.


Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Ask the CBSE,

Ask the CBSE about Class X and XII Exams

I am a Class X CBSE student from Tamil Nadu. The system followed here to allocate seats for professional (both medical/engineering) colleges favours the students passing through the State board syllabus. The State board students find it comparatively easier to get the colleges of their choice compared to CBSE students. Is there any pattern for levelling of scores obtained in CBSE exams with the State board?


You may like to address this question to the State Board concerned.

In Class XII English, for the question on report and article writing (10 marks each), should we limit our answer to the given count of words or can we exceed it? How are the marks given?

Sadana A.C.

Try to restrict your answer within the word limit denoted in the question paper. However, if you exceed the word limit, you will not be penalised.

Report and article will be evaluated as per the scheme given below:

Format: Title, Reporter’s /Writer’s name 1 mark; Content 4 marks; Expression 5 marks; Grammatical accuracy, appropriate words and spelling 2 and 1/2 marks; Coherence and relevance of ideas and style 2 and 1/2 marks

My daughter is a Class IX CBSE student intending to switch over to State higher secondary course for Class XI. Please advise: a) Whether she has to appear for the CBSE Class X exam to get the transfer certificate?

Transfer certificate can be obtained whenever a student wishes to move out of the school. However, clearing Class X examination is the basic requirement for admission to Class XI.

b) If so, should she register for the CBSE X exam 2012 before March 2011?

Philips Varkey

A student has to attend classes regularly for appearing in Class X CBSE board examination and registration for the examination is done through the school during the academic session which will begin on 1.2.2011.

What will be the percentage of HOTS questions in the Summative Test-II in Science? What about the skill test in subjects where question papers already contain multiple-choice questions on practicals?

Bhagirathi Behera, HoD Science, Shantiniketan Vidyalaya, Shamirpet, Hyderabad

In the question paper of Summative Examination no clear-cut demarcation for HOTS question have been made.

But in general, the question paper would have 15 per cent of the questions of higher difficulty level. Also 16 questions in the question paper of 80 marks will be practical skill-based MCQs and rest of the 25 questions will be based on theory.

I am in Class X. I have opted for school-based Summative Assessment II. Is Percentile Rank calculated at the school level or national (board) level? Is it calculated on the basis of grade point or actual mark?

Nikhil, MES School, Kuttippuram, Kerala

No percentile rank will be given in the grade sheet and the school-based assessment certificate to be issued by the Board.

Last year, in Kerala, the CBSE results were published after the State examination results were declared and the students from the CBSE board who wanted to migrate to the State stream could not do so. Will this be addressed this year?

P. Venugopalan

CBSE is making its earnest efforts to declare the results of the Summative Examinations II at the earliest possible time.

However for your information, the Chennai Regional Office of the Board is one of the first regional offices to declare its results.

The Class X certificate is considered an important document for the purpose of further education, employment, etc. But with the Board having made the Class X board examination optional, will the Class XII certificate be enough for such purposes?

P. Vijai Kanth

The School-based Evaluation Certificate will be issued by the Board only to all the students irrespective of their appearing for Summative Examination II conducted by the School or by the Board.

I am a Class X student. According to the new CCE system, if a student wants to continue in the CBSE stream and does not write the Board exams, which is more important for him — Class XII or Class X?

Vijai Kanth

For the students, Class X is as important as Class XII. Class X gives the base for senior secondary and Class XII for higher education.

My son Aman VP applied for Class XII examination (2011) as a private candidate (for improvement) on September 18, 2010. We have not yet received the Admit Card. Please inform me regarding despatch of Admit Cards to private candidates or the status of the Application Form No. 381.


Please contact the CBSE Regional Office concerned with the details for obtaining the Admit Card for the examination.

I am in Class X and have opted for the School-conducted exam. Do I still have the option of moving out of the school and seek admission in another school?

NGR Srikanth

Even those students who have opted for School-Conducted summative assessment can move out of the school and seek admission in the school of their choice based on their performance reflected in the school- based assessment certificate and the admission policy of the school.

My ward is writing the school-based exam for Class X. Is it possible to change to the State-board stream for Class XI?


As the certificate at the end of Class X is going to be issued by the CBSE, there should not be any problem for you in getting admission in Class XI, as there is equivalence between Class X of different Boards.

However as per the Scheme, a child should opt for the Board-Conducted examination, if he wishes to move out of CBSE system after Class X.

I am in Class X. I have opted for the Board-conducted exam. Can I continue in the same institution next year?

Karthik A.S.

The school may admit students to Class XI in the subjects offered as per the merit of the students and its admission policy.

I am in Class X. I have opted for the internal exam. Can I opt for other State boards for Class XI?

Pavan Shankar

Any student who has cleared Class X in CBSE can seek admission for Class XI of any other recognised Board as there is equivalence between Class X of different Boards. However as per the Scheme, a child should opt for the Board-Conducted examination, if he wishes to move out of the CBSE system after Class X.

I am a Class XII Commerce student appearing for Board exam this March. For Business Studies and Accountancy, which book do I need to refer to and which chapters do I need to revise thoroughly. For practising, which of the following should I prefer — CBSE Sample Papers or previous year’s Board exam papers? How many points do I need to write for the following categories of questions — 1 mark, 3 marks, 4 marks, 5 / 6 marks?


The Class XII Board Examination will be based on the syllabus prescribed by the Board.

The CBSE has recommended NCERT textbooks for Business Studies and Accountancy, but you can supplement and enrich your answers by using inputs provided in other standard books available in the market.

Please refer to the syllabus in Business Studies and Accountancy prescribed by the Board which also indicates weightage of marks assigned to different Units of the syllabus.

You can use the Board’s Sample Question Papers and last few years’ question papers for your preparation and practice.

Generally the questions specify the number of points to be given in the answer. However, some long answer questions are also assessed as a whole.

Hence you must read the question thoroughly to decide the type of answer to be written.

Filed under: Ask the CBSE, , ,

Clear your doubts on CBSE exams

Is grading system done subject-wise or for all subjects as a whole? If it is done as a whole, how can I know my marks in individual subjects? Is preparation based on the NCERT books sufficient for scoring outstanding marks. Can deleted portions for maths, science and social be intimated? How to score high marks?


The students will be awarded subject-wise grades. Marks will not be mentioned in this year’s Class-X examination result sheet.

The Board recommends textbooks published by NCERT. A student may refer to Board’s syllabus for different subjects in Secondary School Curriculum Volume-I 2010.

Thorough study with understanding of the included concepts will certainly help a student perform better in examination.

Board exams were definitely a burden until CCE started but now I feel CCE is overburdening than the board exams. I would like to point out the problems that affect the students:

True talent is not identified. A student studying hard for getting 99 per cent is the same as the person who is going to get 90 per cent. So students may stop aiming high.

Although everyone knows that the summative exams are important, students start concentrating on the projects, which are given to us instead of coping up with the portions that are taken in the class.

Students are graded for everything they do and as a result feel the teachers are spying them. Thus they may start acting, and a student’s true character cannot be identified.

Students won’t have any experience about how a board exam will be. They take more tension as they straightaway take the Class XII board exam. This might affect their marks and college admission.

Vasanthi S.P. ,Velachery, Chennai

Students are advised to put in their best efforts for maximum learning instead of focusing on only marks or grades.

The projects and other active learning experiences are also aimed at enhancement of learning and better understanding of subjects. Schools are being advised to organise additional learning experiences in such a manner that the students are not put to any stress or pressure.

You are advised to be your natural self in different settings in order to get true assessment as feedback for further improvement.

If a student studies regularly and sincerely during all the years, there is no reason why Class-XII Board examination should create any pressure.

Please understand that the new scheme aims at providing holistic education without compromising on excellence in academics.

I am studying in Class XII (Science group). Is studying from the NCERT textbooks fetch us marks in the board exams? What points do we need to concentrate for Organic Chemistry?

Karteek Ponnuru, Visakhapatnam

The textbook published by NCERT is recommended for preparation for the Board examination. However, standard reference material in the subject also needs to be consulted for greater and in-depth understanding of the concepts included in different content areas. A student is required to give more attention to the understanding of concepts related to organic reactions, reasoning, mechanism, etc., from this section.

I am in Class X. Will the pre board examination marks be considered in the Board examinations? If so, how?

Harsha Suri

No, the marks obtained in the pre-board examination are not added or included in the Board examination marks.

I am in Class X. I would like to know whether the lesson ‘Electric Motors and Electric Generators in the Magnetic Effect of Current’ will be considered for evaluation in the Board examination. Is the schematic diagram of domestic circuit included in the syllabus for the Board examination?


No, the diagrams and the detailed working of electric motor and electric generator are not included in the syllabus for the examination purpose. A student is required to know only the principle on which these machines work.

Yes, the schematic diagram of domestic electrical circuit is included in the syllabus for the Board examination.

Are we required to produce the same diagrams or experiments as given in the NCERT textbook for the board examination?

Will marks be deducted if we exceed the given word limit?

Will marks be deducted if extra information (Other than given in textbook) is written?

Is it necessary to write speech/article only from the Main Course Book (MCB) in English? Can we completely write them in our own ideas?

Ravi Kishore

Any alternative scientifically correct diagram or experiment is considered equally good for the examination purpose.

No. Marks are not deducted for exceeding the word limit. However, it is better to write to the point and exact answers in order to save time.

It is always better to write the desired answer as per the requirements of statement of the question.

Unnecessary information in the answer does not get any additional credit.

A speech or an article is based on the topics and themes discussed in the Main Course Book. Students are expected to be well versed with the themes mentioned in the MCB.

However, the questions are so framed that students are encouraged to answer the questions on the basis of their reading of the MCB and also use their own ideas based on their understanding, experiences and reading of material from other sources.

I am in Class X. What is the word limit to be followed for the 10-mark question in section B (writing) in English Communicative. Should we strictly follow the word limit or is it ok to exceed it by about 10 words? How many points are we supposed to include in the answer?

Manjula.S K.V.No.1, Tirupati

No. Marks are not deducted for exceeding the word limit. However, it is better to write to the point and exact answers in order to save time.

On what basis will the school provide a stream of subjects?

Jwalant bodi

A stream of combination of subjects in Class XI is commonly allotted on the basis of marks or grades obtained by the students in the corresponding subjects in the Class X examination.

If a student gets E grade, that is less than 33 marks, can he join Plus One in State board?

Can CBSE students join ITI, and polytechnics in Tamil Nadu, with the grades they acquire?

N. Balamurugan. Teacher, Sister Alphonsa School, Kudha, Nilgiris

Any student who fails to get a qualifying grade D in any subject is required to improve the grade in subsequent attempts for admission to higher class.

Yes, the grades obtained in the CBSE examination will be equally valid and hold good for getting admission in ITI, polytechnics, etc.

What is the syllabus for social science? Will individual questions be asked without the information from source boxes in history? Why did painter Julius Huibner depict Germania as fallen women? What is the symbolic meaning of the painting?

Jomy Joshua

For social Science syllabus, please refer to the CBSE publications, Secondary School Curriculum volume I, 2010 Main subjects. The syllabus is also given at the Board’s website

Questions will be asked from the material given in source boxes in the prescribed

History textbook of Class X as well as from related content given in the textbook. Please read the content given in the prescribed Social Science textbooks.


Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Ask the CBSE, ,

Ask The CBSE

I would like to know about HOTS questions in bio and social science. How should we answer these questions?

Sudha Raman

In Social Science question paper, 20 per cent questions (16 marks) are likely to be of higher order thinking ability (HOT) questions in the form of source-based questions from source boxes given in the NCERT textbook in History, Class X. They may also involve interpretation of any illustration, picture or statistical information given in the other textbooks of Social Science. The sample question papers for Science and Social Science include HOT questions and these can be downloaded from the CBSE web site The answers to such questions should be given in the sequence of content or parts of the question.

Is Class IX MCQ portion on boiling point included for Class X board exam? Which one is better for scoring good marks? a) Reading the textbook or b) Help through sample papers given by CBSE or any other reference book suggested by you.


If the experiment on boiling point is included in Class IX practical syllabus for 2008 examination, then it will be included for Class X MCQ in 2009 board examination. You need to do both, that is, read the textbook as well as solve sample question papers published by CBSE and read other reference books for scoring good marks.

I would like to know how we need to attempt the English paper. I feel difficulty in completing my exam on time. I’m not able to revise my paper because of time shortage. I take most of my time in doing Section A . So, I start my paper from Section C, D and B and finally go to Section A; even then I am not able to complete my exam on time. Please provide me some tips.

Sudha Raman

Performance in any examination depends on time management. If you have revised your lessons well and practised exercises on the writing and reading skills, you should be able to complete the examination on time. You may attempt the section you can do best first, and others later. However, allocate the given time according to the marks allotted to each section.

For Class X, have ‘Electric motor’ and ‘Generator’ been deleted from the Science syllabus? If we are asked a picture-based question and asked to give a caption to it in both Science and Social Science exams, are we supposed to give the caption the way it has been given in the text?

Shashank, Bangalore

‘Electric motor’ and ‘Generator’ are not included in Class X Science syllabus.

Caption to a picture in the question must indicate what is shown in that picture. The caption may not necessarily be the same as what is given in the textbook.

I am in Class X. For Social Science, should we write only four or five points to 4-mark questions or should we describe each point? Will any mark be reduced for exceeding the word limit in English and Social Science?

Sreekanth N.

In most questions, the number of points to be answered is specified in the question. Otherwise the number of points can also be identified from the break-up of marks given in the question. Usually, half mark is assigned for listing or naming each point. Description of each point may carry one or two marks depending on the nature of the question. There is no need to unnecessarily explain the concepts if the question asks you to list, enumerate, mention, define and so on.

Marks will not be deducted for exceeding word limit in English and Social Science. But it is advisable to adhere to the word limit prescribed in the question paper in order to complete the paper within the given time.

Will questions in Social Science be asked from sources without giving the extract? There is a wide difference between “source” and “box.” Will questions be asked from “boxes” too?


For Class X Social Science there will be one question compulsorily from source-based boxes given in the prescribed NCERT textbook in History. Though there may not be any direct question on the name of the source, however, it is advisable to learn the name of the source or extract also for enhancing the quality of your answer. The material given in other boxes of the Social Science textbooks is for your enrichment and additional information. There will not be any direct question on them.

In Class X Social Science, there are some portions under the lesson ‘Minerals and energy resources’ on the following subjects: Biogas plant, Wind mills, Solar energy. The same topics are also present in Physics under Chapter 14 — Sources of energy, with different content. Please clarify whether we can write the contents of one subject for the other subject according to the questions asked.

S. Ajayvishnu

The answer to such questions should be given according to the content of the answer given in the prescribed NCERT textbook of that particular subject.

What are the deleted portions for Class X 2009 exam?

P. Ramesh

Please refer to the syllabus for Class X 2009 exam, which is also available on CBSE web site under Students Section.

Covalent bond does not dissolve in water. But why does HCL, which makes a covalent bond, get dissolved in water?

Akshaya Raj

HCL is a polar covalent bond and therefore it gets dissolved in water.

For Section A, Class X Maths question paper, is the student expected to write only the final answer or to show the detailed steps of working which carry one mark each as some of the teachers insist on writing the step s also? In the CBSE Class X Mathematics sample paper, under ‘general instructions’ it is mentioned that calculators are not allowed and students could ask for mathematical tables. But in March 2008 exam, there was no mention of use of mathematical tables, and some institutions refused to provide them, and in the same city, some others provided the same. Please clarify.

T.N. Ramesh

It is not required by the student to write detailed steps of solutions to one-mark questions included in Section A of Mathematics question paper. One may write only the final answer unless specifically asked for in the question. Mathematical tables are generally not needed for solving questions in Class X examinations; therefore, it is not mentioned in the ‘general instructions’. However, mathematical tables are provided at the centre, if required. The students are not allowed to carry their own mathematical tables.

Will there be questions based on the second chapter on wild life in Geography?

Ashwin Raj

The prescribed Social Science syllabus of Class X for March 2009 Examination does not include the topic on Forest Resources and Wildlife. Hence no question will be asked on this chapter in your examination.

My son is appearing for Class XII board exam. Please advise whether preparations with NCERT books are sufficient for questions under the HOTS category.


The board only recommends NCERT textbooks in different subjects at secondary and senior school level. The questions of Higher Order mental abilities or thinking skills require a student to apply the knowledge learnt to new situations for interpretation or analysis of given situations using his or her imagination. Answers to such questions are not given directly in any textbook.

I am a Class X student. a) In Social Studies, will map questions consist of only those places which are given in the sample papers and syllabus issued by CBSE? Will the questions from sources and boxes in History be direct or given along with the context in exam? b) What is the format for letters in Hindi-A? Does it matter writing address and date on top or below the body? c) In Introductory Information Technology, what is the word limit for answers? Do we have to stick to the word limit in English-A, Section-D?

Siddharth Chaturvedi

a) Map-based questions in Social Science Question paper will be strictly from the list of map items given on Page Nos. 340 – 343 of the CBSE Sample Question Paper in Social Science, Class X, March 2009 examination. Most of the answers to a source-based question in Social Science may be based on the given passage.

However, sometimes you may be asked to relate the source material with the content of the chapter. So try to understand the text as well as the source material.

b) Please refer to the Sample Question Papers in Hindi Course A available at board’s web site .

c) Word limit is only an indication of the length of the expected answer and also of the time to be spent on writing the answer. Examiners are asked not to deduct any marks for answers that exceed the word limit. In Introductory Information Technology the word limit for answers will be given in the question.

I am now in Class X CBSE scoring above 90 per cent. After the final exams, several of my friends are thinking of switching over to the State board syllabus with a view to scoring enough marks to secure a seat in a good professional college in Tamil Nadu. I seek your advice whether to continue in CBSE or switch over to State board for Class XI. Is it advisable to select French as third language to score high marks or will Tamil do? Kausalya. Such decisions whether to switch over to State Education Board or to remain in CBSE will have to be solely taken by you depending on your priorities and eligibility criteria for admission to professional colleges.

You may choose any language according to the proficiency you have in that particular language. Otherwise, if you learn well, you can score good marks in any subject.

I am in Class X. I want to know whether Disaster Management in Social Science has not been included for the board examination. Which are the five chapters of History required to be studied for the board exam?


As per the board’s circular No. 15/08 dated 11-05-08, Unit 5 of Social Science syllabus on Disaster Management will be evaluated only through projects and assignment. No question will be asked from this unit in the theory paper of Social science.

In Social Science, Class X, History, students are required to study any five themes out of the eight given in the syllabus in the following manner:

Sub-Unit 1.1: Any one theme out of: Theme 1 – Nationalism in Europe; Theme 2 – National Movement in Indo-China; and Theme 3 – Nationalism in India is compulsory.

Sub-Unit 1.2: Any two themes out of: Theme 4 – Industrialisation; Theme 5 – Urbanisation and urban lives; and Theme 6 – Trade and Globalisation.

Sub-Unit 1.3: Any one theme out of: Theme 7 – Print culture and nationalism; and Theme 8 – History of Novel

Class X Mathematics textbook has a few exercises under the caption “optional, not from examination point of view.” Will there be any question from those exercises as it had happened in the previous exams?

Abhyudaya Adiga

In CBSE board examination, questions will be based on the syllabus for the subject prescribed by the CBSE for that particular examination year. Please do not limit yourself to any book or any particular question. Also refer to sample question papers for Mathematics given by CBSE on its web site

How many evaluators would there be for one candidate’s paper? How would the students be seated for the board examinations?

Akshara M.B.

Appointment of evaluators is strictly done as per provisions given in examination bye-laws of the Board. The seating arrangement of student is done as per guidelines specified by the CBSE for the Centre Superintendents.

What are the deleted portions for Hindi Course B and Social Science for Class X?

Bhaskar Maji

On page 344 of the Sample Question Papers in Social Science, Class X, March 2009 examination, point no.5 deals with deleted topics from the Social Science textbooks. Please also refer to the Social Science syllabus prescribed by the Board for 2009 Examination. For Hindi Course B, please refer to the Board’s circular No. 21/08 dated 22-05-2008 available at board’s web site .

I am in Class XII. I would like to know if questions for the Physics examination would be asked on ‘some natural phenomena due to sunlight’, ‘Doppler effect’ and ‘nuclear reactor’, as these are not given in the syllabus for 2009 exams.

Meenu James

Topics ‘some natural phenomena due to sunlight’ and ‘nuclear reactor’ are included in the Physics syllabus for Class XII, but ‘Doppler effect’ is not included in the Class XII syllabus.

Filed under: Ask the CBSE

Ask the CBSE

I would like to get the lesson-wise answers for the English textbook questions (‘One Flamingo, Two Vistas’) of Class 12.

Zainab Izzuddin

Solved and readymade answers to the questions given at the end of the lessons of the English textbooks may not be available. The best way to prepare would be to read the lessons thoroughly and prepare the answers in your own words.

I am in Class 12. Is it enough to solve the NCERT Textbook of Mathematics for the March 2008 examinations? Is there any chance that questions may be from topics which are not given in the latest NCERT book but given in the last year’s addition to the NCERT book? For example, the questions based on the applications of vectors. In the new syllabus it mentions only the name of the topic, that is, dot and cross product of vectors. This means it also covers the topic from applications and geometrical applications. These topics were specially mentioned in the old book but not in the latest book. I am confused. Which is the best book for 10+2 Mathematics?

Vineet Setia

The latest NCERT textbooks cover all the topics in the syllabus and form the basis for the March 2008 Board examination in Mathematics. However, it is not essential that the questions will be exactly the same as given in the textbooks. Problems can be asked from any source provided they are within the scope of the prescribed syllabus. Hence, there is no restriction on reference material for accessing such problems. You may also consult the latest sample question paper in the subject published by the Board, which are available on the CBSE website

I would like you to suggest some ways to improve my English skills before I face my Board Examinations this year. Many friends lose marks in English, leading to a sharp fall in their aggregate.

S. Vidya Sagar

You are right. Some students do lose marks in the aggregate on account of their poor performance in English. As in other subjects, a student can improve his or her performance in English also by regular reading and written practice.

Since the time available at your disposal is short, we would advise you to read your textbooks thoroughly and have practice in the various writing tasks given in your main course book. Also go through the Sample Question Papers given at the end of the Workbook and practise on similar lines.

What should be the age of a student in Class 10 in CBSE Board Examination? What should be the age for Class 7 in CBSE schools?

Anuj Singhal

A student should satisfy the requirement of age limits (minimum and maximum) as determined by the State/UT Government and applicable to the place where the school is located. CBSE as such does not prescribe any age limit.

I am in Class 12 (Commerce stream). I would like to know whether the accountancy course includes guarantee of profit (fundamentals) and would marks be reduced for not writing narrations in various journal entries. Is high-powered money in the economics course? Should we follow the NCERT book for Economics, which contains many irrelevant topics, or would S.K.Aggarwal be better?

A. Mathur

1 (a) The Accountancy syllabus for examination year 2008 includes guarantee of profits under unit on Accounting for partnership firms.

(b) In the Marking Schemes prepared for Accountancy papers in the Boards examination, the general instructions to examiners include – “Upto 25 per cent marks are deducted for not drawing proper format of journal, ledger and not giving narrations for journal entries.” Thus it is very necessary that the formats of journal and ledger accounts are proper and narrations are given in the journal entries.

2. High powered money is not included in the Economics syllabus for examination year 2008. CBSE does not recommend any book except NCERT textbooks at secondary and senior secondary level. In Economics, the Board has also developed supplementary reading material in Economics for parts A and B which is available on its website. The material is available in both the versions — Hindi and English.

I am a student of Class 12 (Commerce stream) CBSE and want to know the exact course of Business Studies.

Naureen Fatima

The syllabus in Business Studies is included in the Senior Secondary Curriculum, Volume 1 published by the Board every year. The copies of the curriculum are available in the publication store of CBSE in its Regional Office at PS-1-2, Institutional Area, I.P. Extension, Patpar Ganj, Delhi-110 092. It can also be downloaded from the Board’s website.

I am studying in Class 12 (Science stream). There is no information about the Practical Examination or about the marking scheme of any subjects?

Menathanil Anil

The list of experiments, activities and related details about syllabus for Practical Examination are given in the Board’s publication namely Senior Secondary School Curriculum, Volume-I. The break-up of marks in the practical examination is also given in that document. Marking scheme in all Science subjects for the previous years examinations have been published by the Board as priced documents and are available from the Board’s Publication Store at PS-1-2, Institutional Area, I.P. Extension, Patpar Ganj, Delhi-110 092. It can also be downloaded from the Board’s website

How can I get new syllabus of computer sciences from Class 1 to Class 8 of CBSE, and from where can I download please. Muzaffar Aijaz

You may contact your school authorities for a copy of the syllabus in Computer Science prescribed by the school. The Board has not prescribed or developed any syllabus in Computer Science for Classes 1 to 8.

Please let us know the deleted portions for 2008 Economics Examination.

Navnit Mangla

Vide our Circular no.15 dated 12.03.2007, the following sub topics as mentioned against the respective units 8, 9 and 10 of the Economics syllabus of Class XII published in the Curriculum document 2008 (Vol I) are deleted for AISSCE 2008.

Unit 8 : Recent significant reforms and issues in the Indian Banking System – Privatisation and Modernisation.

Unit 9 : Downsizing the role of government : meaning and implications.

Unit 10 : A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues.

I passed Class 12 from a CBSE affiliated school in 2003. I was searching the NCERT website for the names of the English text books (English Core) we were taught in Class 12 in 2002. I don’t remember the names of the books.

Tuli Sarkar

The names of the English textbooks taught in 2002 were:

1. The People — published by the NCERT

2. The Web of Life — published by the NCERT

I am a student of Class 10. According to CBSE, material written in the bracket in the science book will not be asked in the examination. But there is a question in the exercise from the bracket (aqua regia) also. Will the paper be purely based on NCERT books or some questions will be from outside?

Rahul Sharma

The content matter given in the boxes with pink border in NCERT textbooks in non evaluative and the same is stated in the preface of the textbook. The textbook published by NCERT is the only book recommended by the Board for the public examination. You may also refer to Secondary School Curriculum -2008, Volume-I for knowing the exact syllabus. Further you may refer to the sample papers published by the Board available on the CBSE website. (

I am studying in Class 10 at DAV Public School, BSEB Colony, Patna. I have confusion regarding format for Letter writing, Notice writing, Message and Postcard. Could you please guide me or tell me the website links from where I can get the format.

Prateek Raj

Samples of Letter Writing, Notice Writing, Message and Postcard are given in your Main Course Book (MCB) and Work Book (WB) in which the format to be used is also provided. Further, you may refer to the two sample papers with Marking Scheme given in the workbook for your ready reference.

I am a student of Class 12 and I am supposed to take the 2008 examination. However, the school management says that I do not have the required attendance for appearing at the exam. I have only about 35 per cent attend ance as I had rerlapse of typhoid. I am very worried, how can I take the March test. Please tell me a way out.


As per the examination bye-laws of the CBSE, a student should have 75 per cent attendance to be eligible for appearing in the Board examination. In the case of students with 60 per cent attendance in Class 10 or 12 the shortage of attendance up to 15 per cent can be condoned by the Chairman, CBSE.

In cases where attendance is below 60 per cent, if the shortage is due to exceptional circumstances created on medical grounds due to prolonged illness, or any other serious reason like loss of father, mother, etc., the Principal of the school may submit a recommendation suitably substantiated by documentary evidence not later than three weeks before the commencement of the examination to the Regional Officer, CBSE of the concerned region for condonation by the Chairman, CBSE who may issue orders as he may deem proper.

The Economics syllabus of CBSE is different from the NCERT-prescribed syllabus for Class 12, 2007-2008. Which one should we follow?

Abhishek Jain

You are advised to follow the Board’s syllabus for examination purposes. CBSE does not recommend any book except NCERT textbooks at secondary and senior secondary level. In Economics the Board has also developed supplementary reading material for Parts A and B, whichis available in its website. It is available both in English and Hindi.

My son is going to appear for Class 10 CBSE exams in the academic year 2008-09. I heard that certain percentage of marks obtained by the student in Class 9 examination is also added to the Board examination marks.


Yes, Class 9 final scores in the subject of Mathematics and Social Science form a part of the weightage accorded to summative and formative test components of the internal assessment constituting 20 per cent of the Class 10 Board examination marks in these subjects.

I want to know if NCERT books are sufficient for Class 10 Board examinations. I want to be assured before the Board examinations.


For your Class X Board exams, first and foremost, you should thoroughly study the NCERT textbooks which will be the basis for the paper setter. However, questions on applications of concepts within the scope of the syllabus need not be restricted to the textbooks alone.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Ask the CBSE

Ask the CBSE


Ask the CBSE

I am a Class X student. In the recent Pre-Board Mathematics examination, only three internal choices were given, but in the CBSE sample papers on the Internet, six internal choices are provided. What will be the pattern in the board examination? Are the questions in the Maths paper only NCERT book-oriented? In Social Sciences and Science textbooks, a lot of information is given in red boxes. Are they required for the examinations?

(Sriram Rajaram)

For the pattern of the question paper, please follow CBSE sample question papers. In the Maths Class X paper, there will be six internal choices. It is advisable to prepare thoroughly from the prescribed NCERT textbooks. If you have finished the NCERT books, you can practise from other reference books. The information in boxes with red border is non-evaluative and meant for your enrichment only.

What is the format for writing articles, speeches and reports? (Pooma, Kerala)

Though it is advisable to follow the formats given in the Main Course Book for articles, messages, letters, telegrams and so on, you should not unduly worry about it as you can follow either the traditional or the modern formats so long as you maintain it consistently throughout the answer. Do not mix the formats.

I am in Class X. I usually score good marks in Maths. I heard that the examinations will be tough this year. Will there be questions outside the syllabus and those involving methods and formulas not given in the textbooks? (K. Anitha)

All questions will be based on the prescribed CBSE syllabus. A few questions testing application-understanding invariably involve unfamiliar situations and may not be directly found in the prescribed textbooks but will definitely be from the syllabus. It is not true that the Maths paper will be tough this time.

I am in Class XII. I feel that the miscellaneous questions in Maths and the textbook exercise questions in Physics are highly difficult. Is it necessary to be thorough with such questions? (L. Suvasini, Chennai)

Mathematics and Physics papers will have some questions to test application and understanding. They will be of a higher level than those testing knowledge. So you should devise an effective strategy of preparation that equips you to answer questions of different levels.

I am a Class X student. The Science book has a lot of mistakes. In condensation polymers, the large polymer molecule is incomplete and the reaction is `unbalanced’. For this, it should end with COOH and OH groups. Can we modify the content of our NCERT book and give the right answers?

(B. Ananda Narayanan)

You are required to give the correct answer in the exam. Hence you can modify the answers.

I am a Class XII student (Commerce) with Informatics as an optional subject. In the recent sample papers issued by the CBSE, there were many questions from the Class XI portions. Which portions should I focus on? I am following a book written by Sumita Arora.

(Kurien Joseph, Ernakulam)

The question papers will be based on the Class XII syllabus. If you have thoroughly worked out one textbook, you can refer to other books also.

I can work out Maths problems from course and reference books. But, when I get the same or similar questions in examinations, I am able to recollect the method, but lack confidence. So, I take more time than required to solve a particular question.

(V.R. Resbi, Korba)

There is no problem with you. What you need is confidence and self-belief that you can do it. Just practise maths with fun. Focus and relax when you are solving problems. When you know the method, you can definitely excel in the examination.

I am in Class XII. I have been told that in the Physics and Chemistry papers there will be internal choices for all five-mark questions. But it was not so in our APSC examinations. Has the question paper format changed?

(R. Chella Govinda Rajan)

The APSC people may be unaware of the recent changes made in the Class XII Physics and Chemistry papers. There will be internal choices for all five-mark questions in Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

I am a student of Class X. Do I have to study what is not mentioned in the NCERT book? We are asked to study additional content, especially in Social Sciences. We are asked to study diagrams from a supplementary book (S. Chand) for Science. Is this necessary?

(Student of Class X, Kollam)

CBSE prescribes only NCERT textbooks for Class X and the questions in the examination will be based on the CBSE curriculum. However, to enhance your application and understanding skills, you may refer to other books.

It is always better to stick to one book only for Class X except in Mathematics. Is the Hindi Course A grammar included in Hindi course B grammar portions?

(Veera Raghavan)

Please refer to the Secondary School Curriculum 2005 Vol. I.

I am in Class X. I want to know whether for 5-mark, 8-mark and 10-mark questions in English, the words are counted approximately or accurately for evaluation.

(Jinto James)

Please do not worry unduly about the word limit in English. No marks will be deducted if you exceed the word limit by a reasonable margin except in questions on telegrams.

I am a student of Class X. I have heard from my teachers that there are possibilities for asking general questions in Social Studies which are outside the NCERT textbook for the 2005 board examinations. Is it true?

(Thariq, Thrissur)

By the time this answer appears in print, the Social Studies examination would have been over. Questions in the Board examinations are based on the CBSE curriculum. NCERT books which are prescribed, cover most of the curriculum; however, once you have thoroughly studied NCERT books, you may also refer to other books for your enrichment. Do not have unnecessary fear about examinations.

I am a Class XII student. My teachers say that at least 5 marks for the board examination in Class XII will be from Class XI portions. Is this true? Is it enough that I am thorough with the NCERT textbook for the public examination? Could you please give me some tips for effective learning of Chemistry. Also, the exercise at the end of a chapter seems to be difficult. Will this type of questions find a place in the public question paper? How much per cent will there be for application level in Physics and Chemistry? What is the weightage of numericals in Physics and Chemistry?

(Joseph Chitilapilly, Cochin)

Questions in the Board examinations are based on the prescribed Class XII syllabus. After completing the NCERT book, you may refer to other recommended books in the subject. You can refer to the CBSE sample question paper to know the design of the question paper; 20 per cent of the questions in Physics and Chemistry will be application based. The weightage of numericals in Physics is of 15-18 marks out of 70 marks and 12 marks in Chemistry.

I am in Class XII. Some teachers say that in Business Studies, marks will be given only for points given in the NCERT textbook.

(Kumar G.)

The marking scheme developed for each subject is based on the correctness of the answers rather than any information given in a particular book. Especially for Class XII, the Board recommends other books besides those of NCERT. Please rest assured that full credit will be given to all correct answers.

I am in Class X. All I have received from my school is two sample papers and 10 practice papers on Social Sciences. Last week, you have answered that it is enough if I study the maps given in the sample papers. Is it enough if I study only these 12 papers for map work? Also, please clarify whether the Board has compiled and issued any books other than the sample papers sent to the school.

(Ben Kuruvila)

Apart from sample question papers the Board has not published any other compilation. For map work you can practise all the topics given in the sample question paper under the heading `List of Items for map work’ as well as those in the book.

For the Mathematics examination, is it sufficient to solve CBSE guess papers or should I refer to some other books?

(Mary Abraham)

CBSE does not publish any guess papers. You may practise solving as many problems as you can without overstraining yourself to score well in examinations.

I am a Class X student. I want to know if: 1. For History map, questions relating to only identification will be asked or marking in the map itself will also appear? 2. In postcard writing, is the date written on the right or above the salutation? 3. In Hindi, there are 24 `jeevanies’ and it is said that from these only one `jeevani’ of 3 marks will be asked. Is it true? If yes what should I do? 4. In Science, along with the scientist’s name should I learn about the year also?

(B. Mangalambika)

You may have to locate and label features, places, etc., in map work in History.

You can follow the conventional or the modern format in letter writing as long as you are consistent.

You will not be tested on names and dates of scientists.

I am in Class X. In Science papers, especially Biology, can we use colour pencil for diagrams to make concepts clearer?

(Shubhnagi Gupta)

Yes, you can use colour pencils for drawing diagrams in Biology.

I am a Class X student. The X standard NCERT Science text book `Science & Technology’ has given some extra information about selected topics in two types of boxes. One is an orange shaded box and the other an orange bordered box. I want to know whether information from both the boxes will be tested or not. If only information from one kind of box is tested, please indicate the box.

(Maria Kurian, Oman)

The preface to the Science & Technology Textbook clearly states that the content given in boxes with red border only is non-evaluative and hence will not be tested.

My sister will be writing her Class XII examinations. In her Class 10 certificate, her date of birth was wrongly printed. We contacted the regional office at Allahabad, but got a delayed response. Recently, we were told by the office that as it has been more than a year, the matter can only be taken up with the central office in New Delhi. What is the expected time by which we can get the correct certificate as she will be applying for various professional courses and want the Class X certificate for proof of age? She had to submit this wrong date of birth for her Class XII also. Can she apply for colleges with her true date of birth? Is there provision for an ad-hoc certificate indicating the correct date of birth?

(Chandan, IIT-Kanpur)

Application for correction in date of birth duly forwarded by the Head of School with required documents shall be entertained by the Board within two years of the date of declaration of Class X examination. You are advised to send copies of earlier correspondence to the Public Relations Officer, Central Board of Secondary Education, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi-110 092 for further action.

I am a Class X Matriculation student. I am going to do Class XI in a CBSE school. Will I be able to cope with the CBSE syllabus?


Before making up your mind, do study the CBSE curriculum for Plus-Two. You may also refer to some of the textbooks in the subjects you plan to take up. Also talk to the teachers of the school in which you are planning to take admission.

Above all, it is your intrinsic motivation that counts in such matters. Consider all issues and take your own decision. However, remember that nothing is impossible.

I am a Class X student. My second language is Sanskrit. From this year, we are supposed to write the Sanskrit examination in a separate answer sheet. As the answers are either one word or one sentence in the form of fill-ups, do we have to re-write the questions fully or can we write the answers alone?

(Shwetha, Chennai)

You don’t need to copy the entire question. It is enough to write just the answer.

However, remember to indicate the correct question number against the answer.

I am in Class X. In the chapter `Archaeological Heritage’ in Social Science, is it necessary to learn to draw the plans of stupas, temples, churches and mosques? Should the questions in Social Science be answered only in points or are we allowed to write in paragraph(s)?

(V. Ajay, Chennai)

No, it is not necessary to learn to draw the features of stupas, etc., in Archaeological Heritage. However, you should learn to describe the features if asked. You can write in paragraphs also.

I am in Class X. Is it necessary to study the extra riders other than the riders in the text for the numerical and application-based problems?

(Deepan Karthik, Chennai)

No, for all such clarifications, please read sample question papers and the syllabus particularly for weightage of marks for various units.

Do I have to study the exact numbers (like the total number of newspapers published in India) given in our NCERT text books?

(Christo George)

Do not skip any information. Read the textbooks thoroughly.

Will I get marks for unbalanced chemical equations?

(Anoop R. Santhosh, Vaikom)

Marks are awarded in accordance with the value points of the expected answer. You are likely to get partial marks for correct unbalanced chemical equations.

Will all the questions be from the syllabus prescribed (that is, from the NCERT books for Class X), or are students expected to read up all the subjects of Class VIII and Class IX also?

(R. Vishakan)

The question papers will be based on the syllabus prescribed by the Board as printed in the Secondary and Senior Secondary School Curriculum document of the CBSE. For Class X, the questions will be only from the Class X syllabus. However, you should know that learning is a continuous process and cannot be compartmentalised into years.

We, parents of CBSE Class X students, are confused over the style/basis of correction of the English paper. Could you tell us which is the right way for students to answer for Reading and Writing sections? Does the Board expect students to use more idiomatic phrases, proverbs, captions, high language and so on for Section B, especially for letter writing and speech writing? Because, most of the students get only 4 or 5 marks out of 10. Could you give us some tips for Class X students to score high in English?

(Thavamony Raman, principal, Raman Kalvi Nilayam)

Evaluation is based on detailed and well-defined marking schemes. The CBSE publishes these marking schemes for different subjects with the objective of making the system more transparent and to help students and teachers in their preparation for the examinations. Studying the pattern of marking schemes will greatly help students in writing the answers along the right lines. First of all, as parents, you may impress upon your children to read the questions properly and understand them so that they will know what is expected as answers. It is not only language but also content and organisation that are taken into account for awarding marks. Use of direct and simple language and short sentences is desirable, though appropriate vocabulary enhances the effectiveness of the answer. However, verbose and ornamental ‘high language’, as you may call it, will not be desirable because in their attempt to use proverbs, idiomatic phrases and so on, students tend to make errors and this will make them lose marks. As for the Reading section, marks are not deducted for errors in spelling and grammar. However, students should read and comprehend passages/poems and write accurate answers as per the instructions contained in the question paper. Extensive practice of such reading exercises will surely help students score full marks in the Reading section. Writing section has two 5-mark questions, which are based on short text types such as telegram, notice, message or short postcard. Answers to these two questions should be written in about 50 words each. Weightage is given to format and content. A maximum of one mark is deducted for language errors. The other two questions in the Writing section require longer answers in response to visual and verbal stimuli. Weightage is given to content, fluency (organisation) and accuracy (language). Creativity, correct and appropriate value points, the use of proper lay out/format and lucid organisation, are the features the students should focus on. As language competence is skill-oriented; only by actually practising the language skills will students be able to score high marks. So, as parents, encourage your children to practise answering as many questions as they can, besides reading the lessons in the literature reader with comprehension and understanding.

I am in Class XII. I am also preparing for the PMT examinations. It has been difficult to manage both courses, that is, Class XII and the competitive examinations. I have not even read all chapters of English and PE and some of Biology. What shall I do?

(Gaurav Kayal, Indore)

The most important thing is not to panic. There is still ample time for you to address the gaps in your preparation for the Board examination. It is quite natural to feel a little anxious about your preparedness, especially when you are paying attention to the AIPMT and the Class XII Board examination simultaneously. From what you have stated it is clear that you are aware of the areas that need your focussed attention at this stage and it is a big plus for you. All you need now is a workable plan for time management. You must firmly decide that you will give your undivided attention to the Class XII Board examinations. Then prepare a work schedule giving priority to lessons in different subjects that you have not yet prepared. As you read them, make notes in writing — which will help enormously in retaining the concepts in your memory and for recapitulation later. Allot time in your work schedule on the basis of your priorities. Try to follow your schedule and set aside about an hour each day to make up for any shortfall in meeting the requirements of your work schedule. Re-visit the lessons you have already learnt and revise them in a phased manner. Be positive and spend some time articulating the concepts you have learnt with your friends or teachers. It will help in reinforcement and concept clarification. Also remember that all work and no play leads to boredom and monotony. Go for evening walks and spend some time in the mornings for mild exercises and meditation. The CBSE wishes you good luck in your preparation for Class XII Board examination.

What is the syllabus from the chapter ‘Universe’ for Class X examinations? Are the topics given in the red-border boxes in the NCERT science books evaluative for the board examinations?

(Kumar Abhishek)

Refer to ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’, for the syllabus for the March 2007 examinations. The entire content of the NCERT textbook does not form the syllabus. As stated in the preface to the NCERT textbook, the content included in red-border boxes is non-evaluative.

I would like to know the number of face cards to be taken in Class X examinations in problems of probability in Mathematics. In some NCERT books the number given is 16, and in some it is 12.

(Sayan Dey, Delhi Public School, Dhanbad)

It should be taken as 12.

What are the deleted portions in Science for Class X?

(Amit Maheshwari, New Delhi)

You may refer to the Board’s document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’ for the exact syllabus for the March 2007 examination.

How far will the valuation be based on the handwriting? Is it necessary that a student should write as in printed text? Or is it enough to write in such a manner that the people who correct it are able to understand, so long as the answers are correct?

Clear and legible handwriting is desired. Print-like handwriting is not expected. You should know that no additional weightage is given to handwriting in the Board’s examinations. However, neat and systematic presentation is always appreciated by examiners.

In the Lesson ‘Carbon Compounds’, will questions from the portion of ‘Synthetic Polymers’ and ‘Soaps & Detergents’ be included? Is it included in the syllabus? Also, are there any omitted portions?

(Sreevatsan, Class X)

Some deletions have been made in the syllabus as compared to the syllabus for the preceding year. The above two portions have been deleted. You may refer to the document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’, for the exact syllabus.

Will questions on National Incomes (statement question) be included in the Class XII Economics examination? If they will be included, how do we answer them? For example: Question: Whether the following is included in national income or not? Give reason. 1. Salary paid to a Russian working in the Indian Embassy in Russia. 2. Profit earned by a foreign company in India. 3. Profit earned by a foreign company in India owned by non-resident… I am confused whether the above examples are included in national income or domestic income.

(Abhishek Singla, D.A.V. Public School)

Such questions on national income are often included in the question paper in Economics, Class XII. You may refer to previous years’ question papers for the same. The answers to such questions should be complete, giving the reasons. National income equals to Domestic Product + net factor income from abroad. An item will be included in domestic product if it has been earned in the domestic territory of that country. Similarly, income earned by residents of India will be included in India’s national income. In Item 1 as cited, salary paid to a Russian working in the Indian Embassy in Russia will be included in the Domestic Factor Income of India but not in National Income of India. It is because the Indian Embassy in Russia is a part of the domestic territory of India; hence it is the Domestic Factor Income of India. But since the income is not earned by a resident of India, it will not be included in national income of India. In Item 2, profits earned by a foreign company in India is part of India’s domestic factor income as it is earned in the domestic territory. But it is not part of its national income because it is not earned by an Indian resident. In Item 3, the answer will be the same as that of Item 2.

What is the difference between forest area and forest cover?

(Durga Nagpal)

There is a difference between forest area and forest cover. Geographical area recorded as forests in government records is forest area. It is also referred to as recorded forest area. All lands, more than one hectare in area with a tree canopy density of more than 10 per cent is called forest cover. Such lands may not be statutorily notified as forest area. For example, the total forest area in India is about 23.3 per cent of the total geographical area. It includes such areas also without forest cover. Areas actually covered with forests are 19.4 per cent of the total geographical area.

Will the map pointing question come only from the list given at the website? Are the points from the Reader alone sufficient to get good marks? Or should we use the guide?

(J. Roopchand)

The questions requiring students to identify or locate features/places on the political outline maps of India are based on the list of items for map work prescribed by the Board. The list is given in the sample question papers in Social Science published by the Board. You should refer to the prescribed textbooks in Social Science published by the NCERT and the CBSE, and no other guidebook should be made the basis for answering the question.

I would like to know the syllabus for the Class XII Board examination to be conducted in 2008.

(Radhika Menon)

The CBSE has brought out a publication titled ‘Senior School Curriculum 2008’, which contains the syllabus in various subjects for the Class XII Board examination to be held in 2008. It is available in the bookstore at the CBSE headquarters as well as in the regional offices. You may also download it from the CBSE website:

Is the CBSE Board examination paper strictly in accordance with the design and blueprint of the sample papers?

(Celestine Preetham, Class X, St. John’s, Besant Nagar, Chennai)

The Board examination question papers are based on the design and blueprint of the sample question papers published by the CBSE in terms of the type and number of questions, allotment of marks for different units/lessons, internal choices and distribution of questions to test knowledge, understanding, application and skills.

I am a Class X student and I have a doubt regarding the Chemistry syllabus. Is ‘IUPAC names’ included for the examinations?

(Dennis Alex)

Please refer to the Board’s syllabus ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I.’ ‘IUPAC names’ does not form part of the syllabus.

I am a Class X student in Kerala. The syllabus I downloaded from the Net does not tally with the one the CBSE sent to the school. Please publish the original syllabus on the Net. Also, I would like to know whether the information given in the boxes with red border need to be studied.

(Nithin V. Nath)

You may consult the Board’s document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’ for the exact syllabus. As mentioned in the preface to the NCERT textbook, the matter enclosed in red border boxes in the book is non-evaluative.

I am a Class X student in Chennai. In my school I have been told that certain sections of chapters have been deleted for the 2007 Board examinations in Science and Social Science. I am not sure as to what to include and what to omit in my preparation because only certain parts of some chapters have been deleted. Please provide a list of the omitted topics.

(Tarunay Roy)

You should refer to the Board’s document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’ for the exact syllabus. All the content in the NCERT textbook does not form part of the syllabus.

My ward is appearing for his Class X examinations in March. He is dyslexic, and we had applied for a special permission, with necessary documentation, for the facilities provided to such children. We have not heard from the CBSE till now about the sanction. The school authorities are also not aware as to when the permission will be obtained. Whether my ward will sit for the examinations will depend on whether such permission is forthcoming. I do not know whom to approach. Could you please guide me?

(Sundarrajan Mukund)

The CBSE provides a number of concessions and facilities to challenged candidates appearing in its examinations. If you have already applied with the necessary documents through the school in which your ward is studying, the Board will soon be communicating the details of examination centre, instruction for extension of special facilities to the candidate, and so on. You may request the principal of the school in which your ward is studying to talk to the CBSE Regional Officer concerned immediately to obtain the necessary information.

Does the CBSE have in the curriculum the time to be allocated by the teachers for subject portions to be covered in the class? Has the CBSE verified how far portions are left not covered or partially left out due to short of time? How many teaching hours are allocated for an academic portion in each subject, with break-ups, lesson-wise? Are we not loading students with data, treating them like computers, without focusing on improving and strengthening their minds for analysis? Is the CBSE getting feedback regarding time allocated by the faculty for the subjects? Does the CBSE have a chart flow of time management to be followed by schools? Have newly introduced subjects such as Economics and Computer Science been properly blended with previously followed subjects such as English, Language, Science, Social Studies, Maths? Does the CBSE try to find out if the faculty is running out of time to teach? Does the CBSE ask, through a questionnaire, faculty members if they can justify the time allocation on each subject? Do students really benefit by learning, and being evaluated for, Economics (of course, the basics) at the Class X level? Has the CBSE ever wondered if it is seeking to make students ‘Jack of all and master of none’? Do not allow politics in what should be added in History or what should be deleted in History. Blend History (learning from the past), Economics (learning of the future), Computer (learning of today), and Science (to know human and human ideas) — all in the right proportion.

(Pradeep Chordia)

Your queries and suggestions are well taken. There is a split-up syllabus and apportioning of time for teaching different components/topics in the syllabus which is expected to be followed in schools.

The CBSE publishes Secondary School Curriculum and Senior School Curriculum every year.

Besides the syllabus and examination specifications of various subjects for Classes IX to XII, these documents also specify the split-up of syllabus with time allocated for each unit/lesson in terms of number of teaching periods. The CBSE keeps sending guidelines and instructions to its affiliated schools from time to time about proper curriculum organisation and efficient time management. Your suggestion for inter-disciplinary and cross-curricular learning is indeed welcome and the new NCERT Curriculum Framework 2005 has taken this into account by providing linkages between different components in Science and Social Science. Languages are already cross-curricular in nature and when teachers adopt appropriate techniques, they will make students sensitive to the inter-disciplinary nature of knowledge and skills. The CBSE’s curricular innovations like Education in Life Skills, Mathematics Laboratory and greater weightage to hands-on experience are intended to, besides other things, promote learning across the curriculum. As for your reference to ‘Jack of all and master of none’, you should know that up to the secondary level our country follows general education and it is only from senior secondary level some specialisation is introduced on the basis of each learner’s aptitude and interest. Nevertheless, every learner can aspire for expert learning at any level. Learning has no boundaries.

My son had been studying in Kendriya Vidyalaya IIT Bombay for the last eight years. Now we have shifted to Bangalore and he is studying in Class XI in one of the KVs. Will my son be eligible to appear for CET in Bangalore/Karnataka after Class XII? I await your reply anxiously.

(Anuradha Mitra)

Yes, your son can choose Bangalore as a centre for the AIPMT/AIEEE conducted by CBSE. For CET, you need to contact the local State authority.

I am appearing for the Class XII examinations in 2007. Is it compulsory to answer the questions in the order in which they appear, that is, serially? Or can we answer in the order of our personal choice or preference?

You may write answers in any order. It is not compulsory to write answers to questions in the same order as they appear in the question paper. However, ensure that you indicate the correct question number against each of your answers.

A Board examination question reads as follows: “An object is placed at a distance of 12 cm in front of a concave mirror. It forms a real image four times larger than the object. Calculate the distance of the image from the mirror.” In the key, the answer was v = -48 cm, taking that m = -4. But in the question, it is stated that the image is four times larger than the object, which implies that the image is five times the size of the object, which implies that m = -5, which implies that v = -60 cm. How are we to interpret this question, m = -4 or m = -5 and why?

(Vicky Iyer)

The question is to be interpreted as m = -4. Hence the answer given in the key is correct.

As a Class X student, I would like to know the format for notice, message and letter writing as different books provide different formats.

(Manjari Shankar)

The format for short writing tasks like notice, message, post card and telegram is given in different units of the Main Course Book as well as the Work Book of Class IX and X English Communicative. Follow the standard format given in the MCB and Work Book.

I am a Class X student, session 2006-2007. I need the latest syllabus for Physics and the details of what topics have been deleted from the syllabus for session 2005-2006.

(Richa Goyal)

You may refer to the Board’s document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’. There are no further changes or deletions in the syllabus.

In the Class X NCERT Science text, the escape velocity of a rocket is given as 8 km/second. But the correct answer is 11.2 km/s (Chapter: Universe). How should I handle this while answering for the examination? Will questions be asked on the information in the red boxes in Science and Social Science NCERT textbooks? I want to know the chapter-wise weightage of marks in science. (syllabus of Class X).

(Shashi Rekha)

The accepted correct value of escape velocity on earth is 11.2 km/s. As mentioned in the preface to the NCERT textbook, the matter in red border boxes in the book is non-evaluative. The chapter-wise weightage to different units of the syllabus is given in the document ‘Secondary School Curriculum 2007, Volume I’. Please refer to the same.

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